Below you will find a collection of Japanese words common to the study of Budo or Japanese culture or history.
This is designed to assist you when researching over the internet or when reading books about training.





Aite = opponent, trainingspartner

Aizuchi = swordsmith's assistant

Akindo = the merchant who falls under the Bonge or Heimin caste, also a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

Anau‑shi = a Chitsumu‑shi who has a function as an informant as well as a message diliverer for the undercover Ninja's in his territory

Ansatsunin = assassin

Ansatsu‑sha = fighters with thieving and killing skills

Ashigaru = meaning"light‑legs", non‑samurai but trained peasant foot soldier, member of Heimin caste, the lowest rank of warrior class

Anshu =

Asobi me = dancing maiden, the Miko of a Shinto shrine who were trained to carry out Kagura dances

Asobi wo = the musicians who provided the backing for the Asobi me's Kagura dance at a shrine

Asome = meaning"pure woman", a prophetess

Bijutsuka = an artist, a good cover for a Ninja

Biku = prostitute disguised as a nun

Biwa ho‑shi = musicians and / or monks (traditionally blind) and practitioners of telling the tale of the Heike, also a Ninja disguise figure

Bonge = the most numerous caste composed of Hyakusho, Shokunin and Akindo who were lower than the Buke caste, also called Heimin

Bonze = wandering Buddhist priest or monk

Bosatsu = the Japanese name for a Bodhisattva or Buddhist saint

Bugei(‑sha) = practitioners of Bu‑jutsu, martial artist or warrior 

Bugo = your martial name, from which spiritual power emerge 

Bugyo = a magistrate

Bujin = warrior or knight, divine warrior spirit           

Buke = military man, the dominant ruling caste composed of Samurai, Ji‑samurai, Ronin and great land‑owners as well

Bu‑shi = meaning"martial man", classical warrior, original medieval Japanese knight, later to be called Samurai, highest social class

Busso = a Buddhist priest, specifically the monks of the Soin

Buyu = a friend in the martial arts

Chigo = temple boy

Chitsumu‑shi = meaning'bug that conceals itself under the ground', enemy citizen collaborating with a penetrating Ninja, see Anau‑shi

Choteki = rebel

Cho(u)ja = other name for Ninja from the early Edo‑era (1600)

Chuden‑menkyo = 6th certificate of intermediate teaching

Chuden‑mokuroku / Chu gokui = 3th certificate showing intermediate knowledge of techniques

Chui = a military rank similar to a lieutenant, they command many Gunso and their troops, and report directly to the Taisa

Chunin = meaning"middle person", Ninja subleader, middle rank between Genin, Jonin and the feudal lords

Dachi = see De‑shi

Dai ajari = master degree

Dai‑han‑shi = grandmaster

Dai ichi‑sodannin = 1st level consultant who transfers messages between the Ninja's headquarters and the Ninja's remote 2nd consultant

Daimyo = meaning"great names", a feudal military lord whom the Shogunate has appointed as stewards over provincial domains

Dai ni‑sodannin = 2nd level consultant, reports information received from the Katsura otoko, he is living in the potential enemies territory

Dai‑sempai = senior‑most student

Dai‑sensei = meaning"great teacher", title of respect, given only to a teacher of high rank, at least 10th Dan or the future head of a Ryu

Dai‑shi = grandmaster

Dajo dai‑jin = prime‑minister

Dakkou = other name for Ninja from the Kyoto/Nara region

Dan = meaning"level", degree ranking within black belt, rising from 1th to 15th Dan

Denuki = other name for Ninja from the Yamanashi region

De‑shi = a student or apprentice, sometimes written as Dachi

Dojocho = a training hall or Dojo (chief) instructor

Dono = meaning"lord", a suffic used by Samurai to address their Daimyo or social superior

Dorobo = a thief

Do‑shi = master of the way or esoteric teacher

Doshin = low‑ranking police guard, the assistant to a Yoriki

Esemono = people from the lowest classes

Eta = the lowest social caste, those who deal with corpses, filth, animal slaughter, torturing, Hinin and entertainers, only Gai‑jin are lower

Foge‑shi = travelling entertainer, see also Sarugaku‑shi

Fuke = a travelling Buddhist minstrel or priest from the Fuke‑sect, also a Ninja disguise figure, see also Komuso

Fuku‑shihan = assistant‑teacher

Funakainin = branches of Ninja who fought mainly on and under water, pirates

Gai‑jin = meaning"outsider person", foreigner from outside Japan, considered lower than the Eta

Gakusho = a priest

Gashira = headmen or leader

Geinin = an entertainer, a good cover for a Ninja

Gei‑sha = meaning"art people", women entertainers for hire trained in music, dance and conversation or (young) prostitutes

Genin = meaning"low person", the actual field Ninja‑agent of the lowest rank, who carries out the mission

Genja / Gen‑sha = miracle working ascetic or monk

Genkai = an illusionist

Genshunin = killer

Go‑dan = meaning"level of enlightenment", 5th Dan

Go‑kan = meaning"five spies", five types of spies called Go‑kan, Han‑kan, Nai‑kan, Shi‑kan and Sho‑kan; also the local espionage agent

Gokenin = meaning"house man", a middle ranking Samurai retainer

Go‑kyu = 5th Kyu

Go‑shi = farmer warrior, low‑ranking Samurai

Goudan = other name for Ninja

Gunso = commander, a military rank similar to that of sergeant, they report directly to their commanding Chui

Gyo‑jin / Gyonin = meaning"a person who goes", Japanese translation for a Chinese word for spy, now other name for Ninja

Gyo‑sha = a Buddhist warrior ascetic who lives in the remote mountainous wilderness of Japan, also called Shugen‑sha or Yama‑bu‑shi

Hachi‑dan = 8th Dan, the title denotes a professor of the art

Hachi‑kyu = 8th Kyu

Hakone mono = other name for Ninja

Han‑kan = a double agent

Han‑shi = senior master, very high grade of at least 8th Dan

Hatamoto = meaning"banner man", the trusted higher ranking warriors or clan members who hold important positions

Hato no kai = fortune teller, dressed like a traveling monk, a popular Ninja disguise

Hayamichi no mono = other name for Ninja from the Aomori region

Heiho‑jin = a (military) strategist

Heimin = a caste known as'half‑people'or base people, it includes farmers, artisans, craftspeople and lowly merchants, also called Bonge

Hinin = meaning"less than human", the lowest class of Eta, the outcasts, dealers in death, criminals, charlatans, gamblers and Ninja

Hohei = a military rank similar to that of private, they report to the Nikutai who commands their squadron

Hoka‑shi = a musician or traveling entertainer, a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

Homen = a traitor from prison used to spy to get his freedom back

Horo nusubito = see Setto

Hotoke = a Buddha, also called Nyorai

Hyakusho = the farmer, this class falls under the Bonge or Heimin caste

Ichi‑dan = 1th Dan, see Sho‑dan

Ichi ka = first or best student

Ichi‑kyu / Ik‑kyu = 1th Kyu

Iemoto = grandmaster, head of a Ryu

Iga mono = Ninja from the Iga region

Ikusa(‑shinobi) = Ninja on the battlefield

Inka = see Kaiden

Jiki de‑shi = direct disciple or student of the Jonin

Jin = man

Ji‑samurai = farmer‑warrior, not a full‑time soldier, independent landholders of the Buke caste

Jito = military steward

Jodai = deputies to the feudal lords

Jonin = Ninja leader, highest rank in the Ninja hierarchy, sometimes also the head of the Ryu

Ju‑dan = 10th Dan, (exclusively for grandmasters)

Ju‑dan‑Hi = other name for 13th Dan

Ju‑go‑dan = 15th Dan

Jugon-shi = an exorcist

Ju‑ichi‑dan = 11th Dan

Juku‑gashira = meaning"schoolleader", the senior student in a school

Jukuren‑sha = an initiate, master of the art

Ju(k)‑kyu = 10th Kyu, see Nu-kyu

Ju‑ni‑dan = 12th Dan

Junrei = a pilgrim

Jun‑shihan = assistant master instructor, 7th Dan or above

Ju‑san‑dan = 13th Dan, see Ju‑dan‑Hi

Ju‑yon‑dan = 14th Dan

Kachi = lower ranking members of a Samurai clan

Kage‑bu‑shi = shadow warrior

Kage‑mu‑sha = decoy warriors, who at a distance would look like a Lord who's life was threatened, also a shadow warrior

Kage no gundan = shadow warriors or shadow army

Kage no mono = other name for Ninja

Kaicho = president of a martial arts federation

Kaiden = 4th master's certificate, teacher's license, also called Inka

Kaiden‑sha = fully realized and accomplished practitioner

Kakimono kiki = other name for Ninja

Kakure (mono) = other name for Ninja

Kamar(a)i = meaning"bending down", other name for Ninja from the Kanagawa region, sometimes also used for the Rappa Ninja

Kan = information gatherer

Kancho = grandmaster, chief instructor, director, president or founder of a Ryu or style

Kanj(y)a = expert of espionage or scout, a spy in enemy provinces, other name for Ninja of the Sengoku‑era (1467‑1602)

Kannu‑shi = a Kami master or Shinto priest serving as full‑time keeper of a shrine

Kanpaku = the position or rank of chief advisor to the emperor

Kansai = a person who searches for detailed information, Japanese translation for a Chinese word (Chenshi) for spy

Kan‑shi = senior Kyu‑holder, Dojo coordinator or supervisor

Kantoku‑sha = male sub‑commander of Kunoichi

Karima‑kunoichi = (temporarily) hired Kunoichi, so not belonging to the actual family

Karo = chief or senior retainer for the Daimyo, and in charge of all the clan's Samurai, also advisor to the Shogun

Kasama = other name for Ninja

Kashira = platoon leader

Katsura otoko = name for the Ninja groups agents on the inside of the enemy's territory , they were Anau‑shi, Chitsumu‑shi and Sodannin

Kazema = other name for Ninja

Kenen =other name for Ninja from the Sengoku‑era (1467‑1602)

Kenkaku = swordmaster

Kenpei(tai) = armed military police

Kensai / Kensei / Ken‑shi = expert swordsman / fencer or sword saint

Kiki mono yaku = other name for Ninja from the Niigata/Toyama region

Kirikami = 1th certificate of acceptance or student's license

Kishinsuhai‑sha = the retainer or servent of a particular demon

Kisho = surprise attacker, other name for Ninja during the Sengoku‑era (1467‑1602)

Kobun = meaning"child", street soldier for a Yakuza clan

Koga mono = Ninja from the Koga region

Kohai = class junior, student who is junior to you

Koji = orphan

Kokage = meaning"shade of a tree", name for the Ninja under lord Hideyoshi Toyotomi

Komoso / Komuso = traveling itinerant mendicant Fuke‑Zen priest or beggar‑ascetic, also a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

Koran = agitator or disrupter, other name for Ninja during the Sengoku‑era (1467‑1602)

Koshigumi = a favored individual in a Samurai clan but who is not always a member of that clan, f.e. astrologers, spy masters, advisors

Kosho = a page or boy‑servant of a Samurai

Ku‑dan = 9th Dan

Kuge = the imperial nobles, the highest caste, they rank higher socially than the Buke, yet have no real power, most are bureaucrats

Kumi‑gashira = lieutenant

Kunoichi = meaning"nine plus one", female Ninja agent

Kurohabaki (gumi) = meaning"black lower leg union", other name for Ninja from the Miyagi region under lord Masamune Date

Kusa (no‑mono) = meaning'grass', Ninja agents used by the Sanada family as bodyguards, from the Kanagawa region

Kyo‑shi = meaning"teacher grade", senior or master instructor of at least a 6th Dan grade, also a knight

Kyo(u)dan / Kyoudou = other name for Ninja from the Aichi and Niigata/Toyama region and Sengoku‑era (1467‑1602)

Kyu = grade or rank below black belt, running down from 10th to 1th Kyu

K(y)u‑kyu = 9th Kyu

Kyunin = higher ranking members of a Samurai clan, usually consisting of the lord's family, the councel of elders and the Koshigumi

Machi bugyo = a town magistrate

Mahotsukai = meaning"magic bearer", a sorcerer, magician or wizard

Maiko = apprentice Gei‑sha who often started their training before they were in their teens

Mawa‑shi = an actor, entertainer or a mime

Mawa‑shi mono = a spy, a mole who attempts to discover what orders have been passed down from hiss boss

Meaka‑shi = counter‑intelligence agents, specialized in finding and catching the enemy's spies

Mei‑jin = meaning"expert", highly skilled martial artist who has gone beyond technique itself, a real master of the art

Menkyo = teacher's license structured in Chuden‑ , Okuden‑ and Shoden‑menkyo

Menkyo‑kaiden = deed of conveyance, full (grand)mastership or complete transmission of school knowledge

Metsuke = official intelligence officer who keeps an eye on the Daimyo, temples, Imperial court and powerful merchants, or secret police

Mikado = meaning"heavenly gate", western honory title for the Japanese emperor

Miko = female Shinto shrine attendant, sometimes also priestess or sorceress

Mitose = Shinto priest

Mitsu (no‑)mono = warriors who specialized in information gathering, other name for Ninja from the Yamanashi region and Sengoku‑era

Mittei = meaning"secret searcher", other name for Ninja since the Meiji‑era (1868)

Mokuroku = students certificate, structured in Chuden‑ , Okuden‑ and Shoden‑mokuroku

Mon‑jin / Montei = advanced student

Monokiki = name for Ninja especially used as eavesdroppers

Monomi = observer or scout, other name for Ninja from the Kanagawa region, see also Tika‑monomi and Too‑monomi

Mo‑sha = magic man or mage

Mu‑dan‑sha = students without Dan‑grade or Kyu‑grade‑holders

Mu‑kyu = beginner without Kyu‑grade

Mu‑sha = warrior

Musuko = son

Nage = the defender, opponent of Uke, see also Tori

Nai‑kan = the inside espionage agent

Naka‑shinobi = the middle class performers within the Ninjutsu organization, see also Shita‑shinobi and Ue‑shinobi

Namban / Nanban(‑jin) = (european) foreigner, a Gai‑jin

Nana‑dan = 7th Dan, see Shichi‑dan

Nana‑kyu = 7th Kyu, see Shichi‑kyu

Nege = shrine priest

Negoroshu = mountain warriors from negoro, Wakayama district, specialized in firearms

Ni‑dan = 2th Dan

Nihon‑jin = a Japanese person

Nikutai = a military rank similar to a corporal, they have a squadron of Hohei under their command and report directly to a Gunso

Ni‑kyu = 2th Kyu 

Ningen = human being

Ninja = meaning"stealer in", spy, assassin and espionage agent, they had many different names, belonging to the Eta caste

Nin‑jutsu‑sha = practitioner of Nin‑jutsu

Nin-jutsi tsukai = black magician

Ninsho = a Ninja leader

No‑bu‑shi = field warrior, farmers becoming soldiers of fortune

Nokizaru = meaning"monkey under the eaves", name for Ninja from Niigata/Toyama region and Sengoku‑era under lord Kenshin Uesugi

Noku roku = advanced student in Menkyo kaiden system

Nukenin = a fugitive Ninja who has left his clan

Nu‑kyu = 10th Kyu, see Ju‑kyu

Nusubito = a thief, but also a pejorative term for a Ninja, see also Setto

Nyorai = a Buddha, also called Hotoke

Nyumon‑sha = novice trainee in a Ryu

Okappiki = the lowest ranking members of the police force, under the Doshin

Okuden‑menkyo = 7th certificate of advanced teaching

Okuden‑mokuroku = 4th certificate showing advanced knowledge of techniques

Ongyou (no) mono = meaning"hidden person", other name for Ninja

Oniwaban = other name for Ninja from the Tokyo region and Edo‑era (1603‑1868), also a castle guard, later name for Metsuke network

Onmitsu = meaning"quiet and secret", spy network for the Shogun, other name for Ninja from the Tokyo region and Edo‑era (1603‑1868)

Onmyoji = diviner or In/Yo priest

Onna ryoshi = the actual field operating Kunoichi

O'Sensei = meaning"great teacher", usually the founder of a tradition, or its chief instructor

O'Shi = priest

O'Shihan = major master

O'Yabun / Oyabun = Yakuza boss or family head

Rappa = espionage warriors of low social status, also battle disrupters, other name for ninja from the Kanagawa region and Sengoku‑era

Reibai = a medium

Ren‑shi = meaning"accomplished person", teacher with normally a 5th Dan grade or higher

Rikugun‑sho‑kan = a military rank similar to a general, who commands an entire army and reports directly to his Daimyo

Ris‑shi = an underpriest at a buddhist temple

Rojo = house mistress, the women in charge of the domestic staff

Roku‑dan = 6th Dan

Ro(ku)‑kyu = 6th Kyu

Ronin = meaning"man tossed by the waves", masterless or free Samurai, roaming the country as a mercenary, also a Ninja disguise figure

Ro‑shi = meaning"old master", a Zen master, honorary title for somebody with deep Zen experience, also a teacher of Zen Buddhism

Ryo‑shi = a hunter

Saburai = meaning"to serve", originally Bu‑shi assigned to guard the emperor, later titel for all higher‑class warriors and became Samurai

Saikato = Ninja from saika, Wakayama district

Saiko‑shihan = chief instructor

Saisaku = the Japanese translation for the old Chinese word (Shintsuo) for spy, now other name for Ninja

Sama = meaning"honorable", indicates increased difference, used by servants to their masters or commoners to a Samurai or noble

Samurai = meaning"one who serves", Japanese feudal knightly warrior, members of the Buke, also a Ninja disguise figure

San = sir (mister) or lady (madam), a term of respect

San‑dan = 3th Dan

San‑kyu = 3th Kyu

Sanzoku = a bandit

Sarugaku‑shi = a traveling actor, entertainer,"Noh"dance or Kabuki player, a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

Seiitai‑shogun = the full official title for the Shogun

Sei‑jin = a holy man

Sei‑kan = meaning"between life", a Ninja who returns alive from enemy territory with important information

Sekiyaburi = meaning"checkpoint breaker", other name for Ninja from a certain period and region

Sempai / Senpai = meaning"senior", any student senior to another, next senior grade in the dojo below the instructor, assistant‑instructor

Sennin = a hermit said to have magical and supernatural powers, a mountain mystic or recluse

Sensei = meaning"experienced one", teacher, master or instructor, usually 3th Dan or higher

Seppa = meaning"to pass through", independent type of Ninja warrior, also term for a thief or brigand

Setto = burglar, also called Horo nusubito

Sha = practitioner or person

Shanshe = master

Shi = meaning"warrior or Samurai", sir or master

Shibucho = regional director of an Kobudo organization

Shichi‑dan = 7th Dan, see Nana‑dan

Shichi‑kyu = 7th Kyu, see Nana‑kyu

Shi‑dachi = see Shi‑do‑shi

Shi‑dan = 4th Dan, see Yon‑dan

Shi‑do‑shi = senior instructor, teacher of the warrior way of enlightenment, 5th Dan or higher 

Shi‑do‑shi ho = junior instructor, teacher of the warrior way, under the guidance of a Shi‑do‑shi, 1th to 4th Dan

Shihan = meaning"supreme teacher", senior teacher or master instructor, 8th Dan or higher

Shihan cho = chief master, second to the chief instructor, 9th Dan or higher

Shihan‑dai = a vice‑shihan, directly under a Shihan

Shi‑kan = meaning"between death", someone prepared to risk their life in order to infiltrate enemy territory and spread false information

Shike = special grandmaster next to Soke

Shikken = a regent for the Shogun

Shikomunin = infiltrating Ninja

Shi‑kyu = 4th Kyu, see Yon‑kyu

Shim(m)a‑kunoichi = Kunoichi belonging to the Ninja‑family or organization

Shinan yaku = a true master

Shinobi metsuke = a Ninja with authority over Samurai (very rare), see also Yoko metsuke

Shinobi (nin) = oldest name for an independent Ninja‑agent, from the Aomori, Fukui and Kyoto/Nara region and Asuka‑era (574‑709)

Shinobi (no mono) = meaning"a person who steals in", a shadow warrior, alternative reading for Ninja

Shinsengumi = meaning"the new select squad", police unit formed to preserve the peace in Kyoto

Shirei‑kan = a military rank similar to that of commander, they report directly to the Rikugun‑sho‑kan

Shi‑sha = a messenger

Shi‑shi = killer

Shi sho = general master

Shita‑shinobi = lower class performers within the Ninjutsu organization, see also Naka‑shinobi and Ue‑shinobi

Shodai = founder of a Ryu

Sho‑dan = 1th Dan, see Ichi‑dan

Shoden‑menkyo = 5th certificate of basic teaching

Shoden‑mokuroku = 2th certificate showing basic knowledge of techniques

Shogu = provincial military governor or guard

Shogun = military dictator or ruler, see Seiitai‑shogun

Sho‑kan = the living espionage agent

Shokunin = the artisan, this class was part of the Bonge or Heimin caste

Shonin = a travelling salesman, a Ninja disguise for skillfully getting near to people to spy on them

Shosei = live‑in student at a Ryu

Shoshin‑sha = beginner (white belt), also called Mu‑kyu‑sha

Shou‑kan = other name for Ninja

Shugenja / Shugen‑sha = warrior‑priest or monk who is a follower of Shugen‑do in the mountains, also called Gyo‑sha or Yama‑bu‑shi

Shugo = see Shogu

Shugyo‑sha = warrior on the path of perfection

Shu‑jin = master

S(h)ukke = mendicant Buddhist priest or monk, also a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

So = a Buddhist monk

Sodannin = messengers or consultants under a Katsura otoko group, see also Dai ichi sodannin and Dai ni sodannin

Sohei = warrior‑monks, often former peasants, maintained as troops by some Buddhist temples

Sojo = an abbot of a Buddhist temple

Soke = headmaster of a style, family or founder of a system, chosen grandmaster or head of a Ryu

Sok‑kan = espionage agent and assassin

Soryo = an ordinary Buddhist priest

So‑shi = chief instructor, grandmaster

Sukinami = other name for Ninja from the Yamanashi region

Suppa = other name for Ninja guerillas from the Kyoto/Nara and Yamanashi region under lord Yoshimoto Imagawa, see Seppa

Sute(‑kamari) = meaning"throw out", snipers for killing of enemy commanders

Tai‑bu‑shi = grand warrior

Taihosama = cannoneer

Taikun = meaning"great lord", westerners had to call the Shogun by this title

Tantei = other name for the Ninja in the Meiji period

Taisa = a military rank similar to a colonel, he will have many Chui and their units serving him, and reports directly to a Shirei‑kan

Taisho / Taishu = leader

Tantei = other name for the Ninja in the Meiji period

Teisatsu (nin) = reconnaissance scout, other name for Ninja in times of war during the Sengoku‑era (1467‑1602)

Tenno = title for the Japanese emperor

Ten‑shi = meaning"son of heaven", honory name for the Japanese emperor

Tepposama = gunmen

Tera ho-shi = warrior temple monks

Tika‑monomi = close‑range observers, located on the front line of the enemy, see also Monomi and Too‑monomi

Tokko = special police, founded in 1911 originally to deal with the threat of communism

Tongyo = the Japanese translation for the Chinese word (Toen Shin) for an expert in escaping techniques

Tono = a ruler´s title of honor

Too‑monomi = longe‑range observers, who advanced close to the enemy, see also Monomi and Tika‑monomi

Toppa = see Tsuppa

Tori = the one who performs a technique on his trainingpartner, the Uke, see also Nage

Toriai = travelling acrobats and wandering musicians, also a Ninja disguise figure

Torimono = specially trained constables, holding various ranks, usually just below Samurai status

Toseinin = a character roaming the country, usually after commiting a crime, also a gambler

To sho = master swordsmith

Tsunebito = normal people, civilians

Tsunegata / Tsune no kata = farmer or wandering Samurai for hire, see Ronin, also a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

Tsuppa = other name for the Ninja from the Kanagawa region

Tulku = a living Buddha, or holy monk

Ubasoku = a wizard or sorcerer, also lay brother

Uchi‑dachi = student living (boarding) with a grandmaster, a home student, see De‑shi

Ue‑shinobi = upper class performers within the Ninjutsu organization, see also Naka‑shinobi and Shita‑shinobi

Ukami (bito) = other name for Ninja from the Kyoto/Nara region and Nara‑era (710‑793)

Uke = the attacker or the person who receives Tori´s technique

Uma‑yumi = a horse archer

Unsui = meaning"clouds and water", itinerant priest, also a Ninja disguise figure

Uranai‑sha = a diviner

Wako = pirate or buccanear

Watari‑ninja = Ninja who changed their loyalties from one warlord to another or sold their services to the highest bid

Yakei = a watchman

Yakuji‑shi = Shinto priest

Yama‑bu‑shi = mountain warrior hermit priest or ascetic, also called Gyo‑sha or Shugen‑sha, a Ninja disguise figure, part of Shichi‑ho‑de

Yamakuguri = meaning"slip through mountain", other name for Ninja from the Satsuma region under lord Yoshiharu Shimazu

Yasama = bowmen

Yojimbo(-samurai) / Yojinbo = bodyguard, normally trained as Bu-shi

Yoko metsuke = a Ninja with partial authority over Samurai, see Shinobi metsuke

Yo(n)‑dan = 4th Dan, see Shi‑dan

Yon‑kyu = 4th Kyu, see Shi‑kyu

Yoriki / Yoruki = policeman or deputie of a magistrate, normally a Samurai

Yorima‑shi = a medium with whose help the priest makes contact with the spirit world

Yo‑shi = distinguished warrior

Younin = an undercover Ninja

Yu‑dan‑sha = black belt holder or Dan grade holder

Yuno = see Hachi‑dan

Yu(u)‑shi = Japanese translation for a Chinese word for a spy detective, now other name for Ninja

Yu(u)tei = Japanese translation for a Chinese word (Whowan) for a spy, now other name for Ninja





Aiguchi / Aikuchi (‑tan‑to) = meaning'a pleasant companion', long bladed curved ( throwing ) dagger without a handguard

An‑ken = less common name for Shuri‑ken

Aoso = a form of hemp used to make a bowstring

Arare = meaning'hailstones', 3‑dimensional Shuri‑ken or caltrops in 3 forms : Io‑arare, Kao‑arare and Chu‑arare

Arare‑bo = truncheon‑like weapon

Ari‑bo = a type of iron cane

Ashiaro = many types of fake"footprints",carved out of wood and attached to the soles of the shoes to make false tracks

Ashi‑kagi = tool for climbing trees

Ashi‑ko = iron spiked foot bands or claws, strapped to the bottem of the feet, for climbing, see also Shu‑ko

Azusa‑yumi = a ritual, magical bamboo bow

Bajo‑zutsu = a small pistol‑like gun

Bakatsu‑gama = a sickle with a chain at the top‑end of the handle, just under the knife

Bakuchi ire = noise bombs made of small bamboo‑tubes filled with gunpowder

Bakudan = explosives fired from Teppo

Bakuhatsu‑gama = Kusari‑gama with on the long chain a container for explosives, poison, blinding powder or chemicals

Bakurai‑bishi = kind of caltrops which exploded when stepped upon, flashy version of the Maki‑bishi

Bakuyaku = black powder for explosives

Banzashi = meaning"duty wear", another name for the Daisho

Bari = small sharpened ( poisened ) needles , for blowpipes or spit directly from out off the mouth to the enemy

Bashigo = ladder

Bashigo‑yari = a ladder‑spear with a hook instead of blade and small wooden or bamboo pegs in the shaft, also for measering

Baton = short stick of about 60 cm

Bisen‑to = heavy spear with a broad, curved single‑edged steel blade on a large pole arm, a battlefield halberd

Bo = hardwooden staff, sometimes of bamboo between 160 and 200 cm long, diameter ca 3 cm, full name is Rokushaku‑bo

Bok‑ken = a solid hardwooden practice sword with Tsuba, about 97 cm long, replica of a Katana, also known as Ken‑do stick

Boku‑tan‑to = wooden practice knife

Boku‑to = a hardwooden practice sword, about 1m long

Bo‑shuri‑ken = long thin straight needle shaped throwing blades with one or two sharp points, ca. 50 different kinds

Bugu = combat weapons

Buki = weapons

Bune = a vessel or craft

Bu‑tachi = a military sword

Byo = meaning"the point of a sword or spear", Japanese word for the Chinese Biao or Piao (Shuri‑ken) introduced from China

Chigiriki / Chijiriki = a hardwooden club, often with a spiked metal head and at the butt end a (hidden) chain and iron nailed ball

Chikaraishi = a wooden stick (30 cm) embedded in a round stone (5 kg), for strengthening exercices, from Okinawa

Chikiri‑gi = a kind of Nunchaku

Chiku‑to = bamboo practice sword

Chisa‑ganta / Chisa‑gatana = temporary katana worn instead of Daisho when visiting a senior, also called Tsuba‑gatana

Cho‑bo = other name for Roku‑shaku‑bo

Chokan = an audio pipe to listen to sounds behind walls or doors

Cho‑ko nu = repeating multiple‑fired light crossbow

Cho(ku)‑to = straight double or single edged long swords from before 900 A.D., like the Ken, also called Joko‑to

Cho‑surujin = 3 m long chain with a metal grip on one end and a weight at the other end

Chu‑arare = pointed mediumsized balls, thrown as Sha‑ken, see Arare

Chu‑ko nu = see Cho‑ko nu

Dachi = see Tachi

Dai‑katana = other name for No‑dachi

Dai‑kyu = an asymmetrical long bow, usually made of a composite of wood and bamboo

Daisharin = a wheel and axle assembly used as a combat staff to knock the legs out from beneath an attacker

Daisho = meaning'short and long', a matching pair of swords of a Dai‑to and a Sho‑to, also called Banzashi

Dai‑to = meaning'long sword', there are three types, Katana, No‑dachi and Tachi

Dajio = two wooden sticks of around 15 cm long, bound together with a long rope

Da‑ken = less common name for Shuri‑ken

Dansen uchiwa = iron warfan

Deppo = see Teppo

Doka = a portable pocket heater or container, holding a live charcoal, to warm the hands for many hours and light fires or candles

Doku‑bari = poisened needles stuck into small balls of plant fibers, used as caltrops on roads or under a horse's saddle as an irritant

Dokuen = a bomb for poison smoke, see Endama

Doku‑ken = a kind of Shuri‑ken with poisened points

Dokuro ki = meaning'the deaths head', the war banner of a Ryu

Doku‑ya = an arrow with a poisened point

Do‑kyu = a catapult

Doshin = other name for Torimono dougu

Ebira = quiver for arrows made of leather or lacquered wood

Eku (‑bo) = a long oar, also named Kai or U‑eku

Endama / Endan = a bomb designed to emit large amounts of thick smoke, two types: Kokuen or Dokuen

En‑doku‑ken = flaming Shuri‑ken wrapped with a cloth dipped into a slowly burning toxic substance, sometimes with a fuse on it

Eta‑yari = originally the Yari from the executioners

Etsu = giant battle axe

Feruzue = a hollow staff containing a hidden chain with a iron ball at its end, these can be whipped out and whirled at the enemy

Fuchiku = a stone used to strike fire

Fuki‑dake = blowgun or blowpipe for (poisoned) arrows, between 60‑90 cm

Fuki(mi)‑bari = tiny pin‑sized needles, kept in the mouth or blowgun to blow into enemy eyes, see also Bari and Sanryoshin

Fuki‑ya = pins and poisoned (bamboo)darts shot through blowpipes

Fuki‑zutsu = blowgun for ( poisened ) arrows

Fukumi‑bari = see Fukimi‑bari

Fukuro = cover for swords

Fukuro‑shinai = sword made of bamboo strips covered with leather or skin

Fukuro‑yari = short‑pointed spear were the tang slips over the haft instead of inserted into the haft as with a Yari

Fundo = metal weight, sometimes attached to a cord, as a throwing weapon

Fundo‑gusari = other name for Manriki‑gusari

Fune = see Bune

Funkan = powder blowguns which are constructed as boxes from which clouds of poisened or blindening powder can be blown

Furi‑bo = a straight wooden weaponstick with an iron point

Furi‑zue = collective term for al those weapons from the Shinobi‑zue group who at least have a stick and a chain combined

Furoshiki = a large kerchief used to tie up and carry one's belongings

Futokoro‑gatana = a sharp surprise weapon hidden in the Kimono

Futo(ko)ro‑teppo = bronze pistols, brought to Japan in 1543 by Portugese traders, the size of a Tan‑to or smaller

Futomata‑yari = a kind of spear

Gama = see Kama

Gando = a portable metal dark search light in which a candle in an upright position at any angle and shines only to one direction

Gatana = see Katana

Gekig(u)an = stick with on one end a chain and a rond weight, around 120 cm

Gek‑ken = a kind of sword

Gen‑dai‑to = modern swords from mid 1860's to the present day

Giri = see Kiri

Gohei = sacred wand used by mountain priests

Goho‑shuri‑ken = the classic star shaped 5‑bladed Shuri‑ken

Goko‑sho = five pointed sceptre of the Shingonpriest

Go‑shaku‑jo = a staff of about 152 cm

Guan‑do = a kind of Naginata, but with a much broader blade and sometimes with a spearpoint at the bottom

Gunbai / Gunpai / Gunsen = iron or wooden standard‑like military (folding) war fan

Gun‑to = modern militair and police sabers made in the modern time, see also Kyu‑gun‑to and Shin‑gun‑to

Gusan(‑jo) = a heavy, eggshaped cross made stick of about 120 cm

Gusari = see Kusari

Gyo‑kagi = hollow bamboostick with a long string and a fishhook in it, to fish on humans or fish

Hachiwara = swordcrusher or left‑hand dagger a parrying weapon with a hooklike projection at the base

Hagi‑yari = a Yari in the form of a Shogei, so basically a normal Yari with an extra curved hook or lemmet

Hakakukei‑nunchaku = a Nunchaku made with eightsided wooden sticks

Hak(ka)ku‑bo = eightsided Bo

Hamagari = a long, thin folding saw with many very sharp teeth mounted on a folding iron shaft like a penknife

Hama‑yumi = meaning"the evil", destructive bow, a ritual templebow

Hami‑dachi(tan‑to) = dagger or utility knife with a very small handguard, lenght of lemmet 28‑40 cm

Hana‑teppo = iron bullets shot from a bamboo barrell hidden in a bunch of flowers

Han‑bo = a wooden short staff, half a Bo staff, between 90 and 115 cm

Han‑dachi = meaning"half Tachi", a sword with metal fittings similar to a Tachi, but worn through the belt like an Uchi‑gatana

Han‑kyu = small collapsible bow that is easily concealed, formed of horn and wood composites, also called Shinobi‑han‑kyu

Happo‑shuri‑ken = 8 pointed starshaped Shuri‑ken, the eight pointer, trademark of Iga and Koga Shinobi

Hari‑shuri‑ken = heavy flat needles used for sewing leather, also used as Bo‑shuri‑ken

Hasami‑bune = collapsible wooden raft or float, shaped like a shallow wooden box, often used with the Shinobi‑kai

Hashi = chopstick shaped needles, orig. made of bamboo or wood now of metal and hidden in the Tsuba, used as Bo‑shuri‑ken

Hashigo = see Bashigo

Has‑s(h)aku‑bo = a staff of about 243 cm, the same length as the spear from which it came

Haya‑nawa = a small rope used in Hojo‑jutsu

Heiki = u‑shaped clamps used to keep doors locked

Hera = foil or sword of metal or wood, originally used to harvest rice

Hibashi = metal coal tongs or small throwing needles, used as Bo‑shuri‑ken

Hi‑buki = collective term for secret weapons, see also Kakushi‑buki and Shikomi‑buki

Hi‑dake = a fire bamboo filled with gunpowder and fuse te throw as an explosive

Higaruma‑ken = Shuri‑ken with a burning fuse

Hi‑jo = firestick to throw with

Hi(kari)dama = Nage‑deppo grenade used by night, it produces a flash of bright light to temporarily blind viewers

Hiki‑ya / Hikme‑ya = arrow with whistling head (see Kaburo‑ya ) used for signaling

Hi‑kyu = fireball made of clay and filled with gunpowder or explosive

Hinawa ju / Hinawa zutsu = a matchlock gun

Hira‑shuri‑ken = flat 3 till 8 pointed star‑ and cross‑shaped thin metal Sha‑ken, around 20 different forms

Hishi(‑bishi) = natural caltrops of dried water chestnut fruit ( Trapa natans and Tribulus terrestris ), natural Maki‑bishi

Hishigane‑shuri‑ken = a kind of Sha‑ken, derived from coins

Hito washi = meaning'human eagle', a hang glider, made of a small bundle of rods and cloth, weighing about 25 pounds

Hi‑ya = a fire or explosive arrow, the arrowhead is filled with black powder and ignited before shooting

Hi‑ya‑zutsu = small and light cannon for launching fireworks and large fire arrows

Hochogata = an extremely broad Tan‑to

Hoguchi = a tinder box to keep hot coals, just a pinch was needed to start a fire

Ho‑ko = spearlike weapon consisting of a long straight head with an extra side sickle‑like blade, pinned on a polearm

Ho‑ko = collective term for lance and spear weapons up till 210 cm like the Kama‑yari, Naginata and Yari

Hokode = meaning"hand claws", iron fingernails to help a Ninja climb and it acts as an anti‑personal weapon, see Nekote

Ho‑ko gata‑shuri‑ken = lance shaped Shuri‑ken till 20 cm long

Hon‑nawa = the long rope used in Hojo‑jutsu

Horokubi‑hiya = meaning"earthware baking pan fire arrow", a type of arrow

Hoso‑fundo = ca. 70 cm long chain with a weight at one end and a metal grip at the other end

Hozuin‑yari = a special Yari to cut and to stab with, named after the monastry from where it originated

Huichi dogu = lighter for explosives and primitive firearms

Hyakuraiju = several small guns or firecrackers, set in a circle inside a large wooden gunbarrel to let off series of small explosions

Hyunku = small bow

Iai‑to = long metal training sword with a blunt blade, used for Iai‑jutsu, a replica, not for actual hitting, it will break 

Ibushi ki =a ceramic pot with holes on the side and at the top,when gunpowder was poured in and lit,a screen of smoke rose from the holes

Idagama / Igadama = spiked pyramide shaped balls of iron or steel left on the floor or thrown through the air

Ikari‑kagi = a grappling metal anchor tied to the end of a rope for climbing over walls or onto roofs

Inji = grinded throwing stones

Inji uchi = other name for Tsubute

Inro = a small lacquered medicine box with several interlocking compartments, pulled tight by a draw cord

Io‑arare = great balls with spikes and burning textile, to throw on the roofs or at wooden doors, see Arare

Ippon sugi nob(u)ori = a tool used for climbing trees, a short lenght of spike‑studded metal tube with a chain with hooks running through it

Ishisao = a stone bar of white calc to make signs with

Ita‑ken = broad bladed flat metal Bo‑shuri‑ken, with 1 or 2 sharp points, ca 20 cm long

It‑to = a sword

Iyeku = an oar

Jawara = other name for Yawara‑bo

Jiju‑shuri‑ken = cross‑shaped 4 pointed Sha‑ken, the cross star, trademark of Iga and Koga Ryu, also called Shiho‑shuriken

Jin‑dachi (zukuri) = big battle sword

Jin‑gama = the sickle used by the Ashigaru

Jippo‑sha‑ken = Sha‑ken with 10 points

Jirai = a type of fused landmines, also explosives in general, see also Umebi

Jitte = metal truncheon, tapered iron bar with a short hook , the sword‑catcher, near the handle, projecting foreward, also called Yamato‑jo

Jitte‑gusari = a Jitte connected to a long chain

Jo = hard wooden stick of about 120‑130 cm long

Joko‑to = name for the earliest prototypes of Japanese swords ca. 300 A.D. to mid‑Heian period (ca. 1000 A.D.), also called Choku‑to

Jujika‑yumi = cross bow

Juji‑shuri‑ken = see Jiju‑shuri‑ken

Juji‑yari = cross‑shaped Yari

Ju(jyo)monji‑yari = a Yari with 2 cross pieces or cross‑shaped hooks or blades, also called Kagi‑yari

Ju‑ken = bayonet

Juroro‑kagi = a tool ?

Jutte = see Jitte

Kabura‑ya = bullet or clockshaped arrowhead made of wood or horn, what makes a whistling noise when it flies

Kabuto‑wari = meaning'helmet splitters', scabbarded truncheon or small metal bars to throw with

Kagata hasami‑bune = light small boat but not portable

Kagi = a hook

Kagi‑naginata = a Naginata with an iron or bronze hook

Kagi‑nawa / Kagi‑wara = a grapple hook with 1 till 4 hooks, attached to the end of a long rope, sometimes had weights at its end

Kagi‑yari = a kind of lance with 2 extra hooks, also called Jujyomonji‑yari

Kai = other name for Eku‑bo or U‑eku

Kai‑gun‑to = long marine sword

Kai‑ken (‑tan‑to) = one or two double‑edged small knives, hidden in the clothing, favourite by Kunoichi

Kaiki = collective term for door opening tools and implements for gaining access to enemy strongholds, all metal tools and entering gear

Kai‑to = a kind of straight sword, or utility knife

Kakae‑(oh)‑zutsu = mortar or hand cannon with long barrel or large‑bore gun, made of wood and paper, therefore very light

Kaki = collective term for explosives, fire‑arms and other fire‑related devices and poisons

Kaku‑bo = a square Bo

Kakushi‑buki = collective term for hidden weapons, such as Shuri‑ken en Kai‑ken, see also Hi‑buki and Shikomi‑buki

Kakushu = an iron block, like brass knuckles, held in the hand to bludgeon an opponent, or defense against sword attacks

Kakute = meaning'horn finger', a metal ring with protruding ( poisoned ) spikes worn reversed around the middle finger

Kama = a steel or wooden sickle/scythe with hardwood handle which widens at the end, ca.30‑ 46 cm long, the blade is short

Kama‑gusari = a sickle connected to a long chain

Kama‑nunchaku = sickle style nunchaku, two sickles connected by a chain

Kama‑yari = a spear with one or two sickles attached to it just below the main spearblade

Kame baku = meaning"turtle bomb", a small cast iron shell bomb with spikes all around the rim, into which black powder is packed tight

Kame ikada = portable one‑man raft made of watertight pots or shells of a seatortoise and crossed bamboo or wood

Kana‑bo = long club of metal or wood

Kanawa = a set of round fighting hoops with nasty notched blades attached to the in‑ and outside, except for the handle area

Kanzashi = very sharp hairpins, worn by Gei‑sha and Kunoichi, and to be used as throwing weapons

K(a)o‑arare = small 3‑dimensional balls with spikes to be thrown on the floor as caltrops, see Arare

Karakuri‑kagi = shaped like a figure 7, this trick key was used to open huge locks in thick walls

Karimata = a kind of forked war arrow, with a U‑shaped cutting blade suitable for slicing through a rope

Ka(s)ha = a kind of pulley with a handle and a long rope to be used as a flightway through the air

Kasugai = wall and sealing iron clamps or cramps to lock doors, can also be used to support the Ninja by climbing

Kata‑kama‑yari = a Yari with sickle‑like protrusions at the base of the kling, for striking and stabbing, one of the blades is longer

Katana = long twohanded single‑edged curved Samurai sword, lemmetlenght 61‑76 cm, total length ca.104 cm, see Dai‑to

Kate bukuro = supply bag

Kawanaga / Kawa‑nawa = a weighted rope with grappling hook, used both as a climbing aid and as a crude club

Kaya ikada = a reed raft to cross water

Kayaki ire = collective term for al kind of containers with gunpowder to carry a small supply, can also be set on fire

Kayaku = fire, explosive or smokepowder

Kei‑bo = (police)baton, or wooden truncheon, see also Tokushu‑kei‑bo

Keiko‑naginata = practice Naginata made of bamboo

Kemuridama = Nage‑deppo used by day, it produces a cloud of smoke, enough to escape

Ken = a straight double‑edged sword with a sharpened point copied from the Chinese, also called Tsurugi

Kikai zukuri = Japanese swords made in a factory

Kikosha = a kind of battering‑ram

Kikuchi‑yari = an early variety of spear with a straight, single‑edged blade ( named after a clan )

Kiri = single‑pointed small pick borers or drills, see also Tsui‑giri and Tsuba‑giri

Kiriha = flat sword with both sides beveled to the edge

Kirikobu = a wooden staf used by the imperial guard

Kirisaki = the blade of a sword

Kiseru = solid metal tobacco pipe, can be used as a club, sometimes fitted with a handguard or hidden dagger becoming a Shinobi‑kiseru

Kishaku / Kishiyaku = Ninja compass, a small magnetic iron piece floating on water to find the direction

Ko = barb

Ko‑bishi = threepointed caltrops made of hardwood

Ko‑buki = collective term for small weapons

Ko‑dachi = a short Tachi with blades of 60 cm or less, worn together with the O‑dachi

Kodzuka = see Kozuka

Kogai = skewerlike tool carried in a hole in the Tsuba, or in a pocket, or as ornamental hairpin, used as Bo‑shuri‑ken, first called Uma‑bari

Ko‑gatana = throwing knife or small sword, preferred by Kunoichi

Koge = see Kyoketsu‑shogei

Kokitai = airbags made from the stomach of a dog, worn around the waist with air stored inside taken in through a mouthpiece

Kokuen = black smoke bomb, see Endama

Kon = (okinawan) name for a stick or Bo

Kongo = a ritual two‑headed hand‑held implement, in 3 forms, a one pointed Dokko, 3 pointed Sanko or 5 pointed Goko, see Yawara‑bo

Kongo‑sai = a kind of Sai

Konpei = a kind of chainweapon in a hollow pipe, with on one side of the chain a Fundo and on the other side a Kakute

Konpi = meaning'flying iron', a kind of Kusari‑fundo

Koshi‑gatana = meaning"waist sword", a short dagger or sword without handgard, companion of the Tachi

Koshikoro = small saw in the shape of a trident

Koshi‑nawa = a kind of rope

Koshino‑bo = a kind of Bo

Koshizashi = hiprifle or hip‑held gun

Koshizuto = a supply bag made of paper strips

Ko‑to = meaning"old swords", name for the old Japanese swords made between ca. 900‑1530 A.D.

Ko‑wakizashi = a short Wakizashi with a blade of around 36 cm

Kozuka = small throwing and utility knife, lenght ca 15 cm, carried in the pocket or in a hole in Tsuba of a Katana, Tan‑to or Wakizashi

Ko‑zutsu / Kozuzu = wooden guns that fire metal or stone balls and rockets

Kubikaki‑gatana / Kubikiri / Kubitori = a kind of Tan‑to with curved lemmet, specially designed to decapitate enemies

Kubotan = wooden, metal or plastic stick about 15 cm long, a hidden weapon in the hand

Kuda‑bashigo = small tube ladder made of reed of bamboo, containing a series of folding steps which can be drawn out by wire at the base

Kuda‑yari = short telescopic spear, hidden in the handle, to become a long extending spear, originally for bear‑hunting

Kugi = sabre or skewer

Kuginuki = a tool to remove nails with, forerunner of the Senban‑shuriken

Kumade = a rake‑like bamboo polearm with 4 or 5 long metal prongs with hooks on the ends extended from a metal ring at base

Kuma‑shu‑ko = bear claws ( back of hand style )

Kumo‑hashigo = meaning'cloud ladder', a rope with small bamboo pieces and at the end several threads with hooks, looks like a net

Kun = see Kon

Kunai = a iron tool in the form of a broad blade for boring holes, digging and leverage, about 30 cm long, also a throwing weapon

Kunaigiri = collective term for digging and leverage tools

Kunashi = a spade‑like digging device

Kurigata‑shuri‑ken = nail‑like Shuri‑ken, similar to Shingata‑shuri‑ken, but with only 1 sharp point

Kuroro‑kagi = a strong iron hook mounted on a wooden handle, to aid climbing and acted as an extension to the hand

Kuruma‑ken = a kind of wheellike multi pointed Sha‑ken

Kusari dogu = collective term for chain weapons of any length

Kusari‑fundo = a length of chain or rope, ca 100 cm, with iron weights at either ends, a larger more deadly version of the Manrike‑gusari

Kusari‑gama = a weapon made up of a handled scythe attached to a long chain, that has an iron weight or hook on the other end

Kusari‑jitte = Jutte with a chain

Kushaku‑bo = (okinawan) staff of about 2,7 m long

Kushi = umbrella

Kusuribin / Kusuri iri = first aid and medicine can or pouch worn on the Obi filled with medicines, poisons and antidotes

Kuwa = a broad‑bladed hoe, especially useful against armored foes, originally a farming implement

Kwai‑ken = a small knife, lemmetlenght 8‑16 cm, worn in the sleeve of a kimono, especially by women or monks

Kyobako‑fune = a collapsible craft which resembles a wooden chest made waterproof by its fur covering

Kyoketsu‑shoge(i) = ca 4m long rope with a steel ring on one end and a dagger with two blades, one curved, at the other end

Kyo‑shaku‑bo / Kyu‑shaku‑bo = a staff up to 240 cm long

Kyu = bow

Kyu‑gun‑to = military swords used from 1883 until 1945

Magari‑yari = trident

Maki‑bishi = caltrops or small spiked pyramidal devices scattered on the ground to slow down pursuers or thrown as Shuri‑ken

Maki‑hashigo = the pointed toppart of this portable pulley was thrown over a wall, and the rest drawn up like a bucket from a well

Makiwara = a pole with buffer for practicing, to harden the hands and feet and for the testing of sword skills

Makura‑yari = a short spear to be used indoors

Mamori‑gama = a kind of sickle

Mamuki‑gama = sickle with a rope or cord with a weightened end plus a poisonous snake attached to it

Manji no‑sai = metal weapon like a Sai but with one of the prongs pointed bachwards

Manji‑sai = Sai with 2 prongs pointed foreward and 2 prongs backwards

Manji(‑shuri‑ken) = 4 pointed, swastika‑like Shuri‑ken, as a symbol of rebirth favored by deeply religious Shinobi

Manriki‑gusari = meaning'10,000 power chain', a short chain of 20‑50cm,sometimes a much longer one, weighted with metal at both ends

Mantoh = a large pair of shears, traditionally used for cutting branches

Maru‑bo = a rond Bo

Marugata‑nunchaku = a Nunchaku made from rond wooden sticks

Maru‑kagi = a round key in the shape of a saw for jimmying open a big lock

Masakari = a kind of big battle axe, also a woodcutter's axe

Mato‑ya = blunt arrows used in doghunts and similar sports

Matsuba gata‑shuri‑ken = Shuri‑ken in the shape of a clamp or clip

Medazashi(‑tan‑to) = a kind of small knife, worn at the right side of the waist with the cutting edge forward, other name for Yoroi doshi

Metsu‑bushi = blinding powder made of a mix of sand, ash, pepper and ironfilings hidden in hollow eggs, little balls or bamboo tubes

Missho ire = a secret document holder made to lool like the sheath of a small sword

Mitsu‑dogu = the classical pole‑weapons used on battlefield, they are the Sasumata, the Sodegarami and the Tsuku‑bo

Mitsu‑kagi = three fingered hook, a stealing in tool

Mitsu te = polelike weapon with a chain and several hooks attached to that

Mizugumo = footpontoons of 4 curved pieces of wood attached together to form a crude ring, used by Koga Ninja as shoes to cross water

Mizukaki = stiff leather, wooden‑framed fins worn on the hands and feet, their combined use increases the effective speed of a swimmer

Mizu‑taimatsu = a special waterproof torch made with wax and hennep, fueled with phosphor and bituminous oils

Mizu‑zutsu = bamboo breathing pipe, used to hide under water and allows Ninja to breath under water, also called Take‑zutsu

Mojiri = a long pole with a hook for on the battlefield

Mokko = hardwooden knuckleduster

Moroha (‑zukuri) = double‑edged sword

Musubi‑hashigo = a single‑cable loop ladder with at the end a hook, lighter than other ladders because made of only one piece of rope

Musubi‑nawa = a rope made of horsehair

Naga‑dachi = the old name for a Naginata

Nagamaki = a polearm with of a long, nearly straight blade with its tang inserted in a short staff, a halberd or short Naginata

Nagare en (‑shuri‑ken) = metal throwing coins

Nage‑deppo = explosive hand grenades, thrown by hand or slings, for explosions or smoke‑development, see Hikaridam and Kemuridama

Nage‑gama = a small throwing sickle, also used as an aid by climbing

Nage‑ken = a kind of throwing sword

Nage‑yari = short throwing lance

Nagimaki = see Nagamaki

Naginata = a short strongly curved steel single‑edged halberd whose tang is inserted into a long wooden shaft with iron butt at the base

Nagishi‑shuri‑ken = small torpedoshaped Bo‑shuri‑ken with at its end a tassel for stabilization

Naihu = knife

Nashiwara = a kind of spear with a pear‑shaped point

Nata (‑gama) = a hatchet

Nawa = rope

Nawa‑hashigo = a rope ladder

Nekode / Nekote ='cat claws', strong iron finger nails fastened into leather bands, sometimes poisened, used by Kunoichi , see Hokode

Neru kawa ito = strong shield consisting of several layers of leather, as protection mainly against bullets

Nicho‑gama = two unconnected sickles, one for each hand

Nihon‑to = authentic curved Japanese swords

Nijo‑tan‑bo = a kind of Tan‑bo

Ningu = collective term for Shinobi weapons and Ninja combat tools

Ninja‑bi‑ken = Ninja sword

Ninja‑bok‑ken = wooden Ninja sword

Ninja‑ken / Ninja‑to = traditional straight bladed short Ninja sword, lemmetlenght 46‑61cm, total length 88 cm, also called Shinobi‑to

Ninki = specialized Ninja tools

Ninshokudai = a candle shaped like the letter L, to light only a small area ahead, it can be hooked on a wall or tree or put on a stone

Nippon‑to = the Japanse sword made on the traditional way

Nitton = a small portable mirror used as an eye‑blinder with the help of sunlight

Noboriki = collective term for climbing tools

No‑dachi = a very large and heavy two‑handed sword, length ca. 180 cm , lemmet‑length ca. 84 cm, also called Dai‑katana or Seoi‑dachi

Noko = a tool to open a doorhandle from the outside

Normi = a chisel

Noroshi‑zutsu = a mixture of ash and sulfur in a small ball placed on a pipe, a flare to be used for signal‑fires

Nunchaku / Nunchiku = two round or octagonal hardwooden or hardplastic sticks with a short rope or chain in between, a flail

Nunte(i) / Nunti = a kind of long fish‑fork spear, ca. 213 cm, with one of the prongs pointed to the handle

Nyoi‑bo = heavy pole

O‑dachi =long ceremonial one‑edged Tachi with a curved blade, which length is longer than 90cm, worn together with Ko‑dachi

O‑deppo = other name for Sode‑zutzu, designed as a siege weapon for dealing with doors and other barricades

O‑gama = huge two‑handed scythe, heavy battlefield version of the Kusari‑gama, developed by the Iga Ryu in the 1500's

O‑gama‑yari = a kind of big spear

Ogi = folding fan

Okashi‑gatana = sword issued to a low‑ranking soldier

Omi‑yari = a long variation of the straight double‑edged Yari

Omosa = the weights at the ends of the Kusari

O‑naginata = an extra big and broad Naginata of about 2,5 meter long

Ono = a very big war axe 

Orimono‑bashigo = a series of ropes attached to a central ring forming a kind of web, used for climbing

Oritami‑gando = a collapsible candle

Oritatami nomi = a single‑edged chisel that could be folded up and concealed

Osaku = a lockpick

O‑shikoro = a big saw in the form of a rond triangle

O‑tachi = see O‑dachi

Otani = a big battlefield axe

O‑tsuchi = a large war hammer

O‑wakizashi = a Wakizashi with a blade of unusual length, larger than 54,5 cm

O‑yumi = a large and heavy crossbow or catapult

O‑zutsu = portable wooden or bamboo matchlock cannon or mortar, bigger than the Sode‑zutsu, designed to launch grenades and bombs

Renkuwan = a flail‑like wooden weapon with a long and a short stick, also called Uchi‑bo

Riai‑jo = a wooden practice stick of ca 1 m. with a'handle'of 24‑27 cm

Rikuzen = iron bar used as footholds by climbing walls

Riman‑kyu = leather quiver for holding up to 12 arrows

Rochin = a kind of spearlike punch and blow weapon, used one‑handed for stabbing

Rokakukei‑nunchaku = a Nunchaku made with six‑sided wooden sticks

Rok(k)aku‑bo =a hexagonal or sixsided Bo

Rokuhoshi (sukashi ) = 6‑pointed Sha‑ken

Roku‑shaku‑bo = a hardwood staff, ca. 180 cm long, the same length as the hellbard, also called Cho‑bo

Rokushaku‑gama = ca.182cm long staff with a large sickleshaped lemmet and a long‑weighted chain attached to opposite ends of the pole

Roppo‑sha‑ken = 6‑pointed Sha‑ken

Rosoku tate = a multifunctional candle

Ryu o sen = meaning'dragon boat', a kind of primitive forerunner of the submarine

Ryusei / Ryusin = a Ninja weapon similar to a modern hand grenades

Sageo / Sageyo = scabbard cord sash, can be used for binding, strangulation etc. and to tie the Uchi‑gatana in place on the belt

Sai = single‑handed weapon, usually of solid iron, resembling a trident or three‑pronged fork or truncheon, usually used in pairs

Saihai = signaling staff

Saku = a tool for picking locks

Sampo‑shuri‑ken / Sanpo‑shuri‑ken = 3‑pointed, triangleshaped Shuri‑ken

Sanaku ho = 3‑pointed Sha‑ken

Sanban‑shuri‑ken = diamond shaped Shuri‑ken, the moon star

Sanbon‑nunchaku / Sanchaku‑kun = a flaillike wooden weapon with 3 small sticks and 2 pieces of rope

Sandan = wooden staff

San‑jaku‑bo = okinawan name for the Han‑bo

Sankaku sukashi = 4 edged Sha‑ken

Sankaku‑yari = other name for Su‑yari

San‑ken = starshaped Shuri‑ken

Sanryoshin = small needles to be blown to the other through the mouth or a blowpipe as the Zetsukan, see also Fukimi‑bari

Sansetsu‑kon(‑nunchaku ) = (okinawan) name for a long 3‑piece staff or Nunchaku

San‑shaku‑bo = see San‑jaku‑bo

Sanyaku‑bo = see San‑jaku‑bo

Saoto hikigane = a portable listening device, simple tapered metal cylinders, which acted like an ear trumpet, to listen in on conversations

Sasumata = a spearlike U‑shaped forked weapon, to restrain and hold a person on the battlefield

Saya / Sayo = the sword scabbard which can also be used as a stick, or when end cap removed as a snorkel or blowpipe

Seiryu‑to = chopping‑knife or machete

Seki‑bo = (prehistoric) sticks of stone for combat

Sekiboku = chalk for marking and writing, part of the Sekihitsu or Yatate

Sekihitsu = meaning"stone brush", a lacquered writing kit box with long stone slate pencils, also called Yatate

Semban‑ / Senban‑shuri‑ken = 4‑pointed Sha‑ken with a hole in the middle, diamond star design made by the Togakure Ryu

Sensuigu = diving gear

Sen‑ken = other word for Shuri‑ken that is sometimes used

Sennin‑jo = the staff of a hermit, made from rough wood

Sens(s)u = folding fan used by Kunoichi and Bu‑shi as a blocking and hitting weapon, see also Tessen and Shikomi‑sensu

Seoi‑bukuro = the Ninja's daypack, a net shoulderbag of strong rope for carrying tools

Seoi‑dachi / Seoi‑tachi = the long sword ( No‑dachi ), worn on the back over the shoulder

Sha‑ken = meaning'wheel‑shaped sword', Shuri‑ken, with at least three points =Hira‑shuri‑ken, Senban‑shuri‑ken or Hishigane‑shuri‑ken

Shakuhachi = strong bambooflute to be used as weapon ( part of a musician, priest or monk disguise )

Shaku‑jo = shugendo staff with on top 6 small metal rings, used as a rattle, also called Suzu‑zue

Shaku‑jo‑yari = a spear concealed within a sheath to look like a Shugendo‑staff

Shanko‑shuri‑ken = 3 leaf‑bladed Hira‑shuri‑ken

Shiho‑shuri‑ken / Shijo‑shuri‑ken = 4‑pointed Shuri‑ken consisting of two rotating blades, also called Jiju‑shuri‑ken or Juji‑shuri‑ken

Shikaku ho = 4‑pointed Sha‑ken

Shikomi‑buki = collective term for surprise or deceptive weapons, see also Hi‑buki and Kakushi‑buki

Shikomi‑sensu = a dagger hidden in a sheath that looks like a closed fan, see also Sensu

Shikomi‑zue = a special hollow cane with concealed blade, which is spring loaded and a hidden chain, used by Ninja posing as blindmen

Shikoro = a primitive thin‑bladed double‑edged hacksaw, usually in the shape of a triangle, in a small, medium or large version

Shimeki = metal crowbar

Shinai = a bamboo practice sword, made of loose strips of bamboo, ca.1 m. long

Shin‑bo = wooden or metal shank with a ring for the middle‑finger, used as concealed blow or punch weapon in the hand

Shin‑dake = a bamboo tube ( ca.120 cm ) used as an underwater breathing device and as a blowgun, developed by the Togakure Ryu

Shingata‑shuri‑ken = needle shaped Shuri‑ken, about 18 cm long with two sharp points

Shin‑gun‑to = modern military swords, made after 1937

Shin‑ken = a real sword, a weapon and not a training tool like the Bok‑ken, Boku‑to and Iai‑to

Shinobi‑bo = (bamboo ) staff with hidden chain and weight

Shinobi‑bune = light small portable canoelike boat used to transport a single man, made of bamboosticks and hollow vessels or jars

Shinobi‑dogu = the tools used by the Ninja

Shinobi‑gama = the Ninja version of the Kusari‑gama, it had a smaller but very sharp blade kept scabbared when not in use

Shinobi‑gatana = meaning'secret sword', a short straight single‑edged Ninja sword, lemmetlenght ca.50 cm, see Ninja‑to, Yama‑gatana

Shinobi‑han‑kyu = a Ninja´s short bow that could be disassembled, see Han‑kyu

Shinobi‑jo = hollow bamboo cane with in one side poison tipped needles and in the other a concealed lemmet        

Shinobi‑kagi = a rope with a secret hook, hidden in hollow pieces of bamboo which are atteched together, used for climbing

Shinobi‑kai = a short bamboo pipe with hidden inside a chain, also a collapsible bamboo oar for water crossing, in the form of a tube

Shinobi‑kiseru = see Kiseru

Shinobi‑kumade = collapsible sectioned bamboo pole with a rope threaded through each section that supported a hooked rope

Shinobi‑sho‑bo = a short shank of rounded wood or iron palm stick, with halfway a finger‑ring attached to it, see also Shin‑bo

Shinobi‑tan‑to = a hidden Ninja dagger which could be in reality a pistol

Shinobi‑to = other name for Ninja‑to

Shinobi‑yari ‑ spear with barbs or hooks

Shinobi‑zue = collective term for the Ninja's hollowed‑out staffs and canes with hidden extra weapons, see also Furi‑zue

Shino‑dake = see Shin‑dake

Shinsaku‑to = newly made sword, but made using the prescribed traditional methods

Shin‑shin‑to = sword period from about 1720‑1865

Shin‑to = meaning"new sword", name for the swords made between the early 1600's and appr. 1720

Shippo‑sha‑ken = 4 pointed Sha‑ken

Shira‑saya / Shira‑zaya = sword scabbard without handguard, made entirely of (magnolia) wood, designed to store a sword for a long time

Shi‑to = a form of dirk

Sho‑bo = see Shinobi‑sho‑bo

Shoge(e) / Shogei = see Kyoketsu‑shogei

Shoragen = a kind of Shuri‑ken ?

Sho‑shaku‑bo = (okinawan) name for a stick of ca. 40 cm

Sho‑to = the short sword, 30‑61 cm long, respectful name for the Wakizashi and the Tan‑to

Shu‑ko =spiked hand claws made of metalbands with a strap of leather between them, see also Ashi‑ko, Tekagi and Kuma‑shu‑ko

Shuri‑ken = meaning'hand sword', small sharp metal multi‑pointed, sometimes poisened, concealed throwing blades or pins

So = a spear, longer and heavier than the Yari

Sodegaki = a sleeve entangler to restraint somebody, see Sode garami

Sodegarami = sleeve entangler made of a pole and crossbar set with a number of spikes and hooks to catch an opponent on the battlefield

Sode‑gusari = a kind of chain weapon

Sode‑teppo = very cheap, light and easy to make crude bamboo Teppo‑barrels, not very accurate and they will easely burst when fired

Sode‑zutsu = a small, short range, hand held single‑shot cannon made of bamboo or wood and filled with lead shot, see O‑deppo

Sokko = see Shuko

Sokutoku = a tube filled with pepper to blow in the eyes of the enemy, a kind of pepperstray

Sosetsu‑kon‑nunchaku = a Nunchaku made of one long and one short stick

Subori‑to / Suburi‑to = heavy wooden practice sword or stick, ca. 115‑120 cm long

Su(gu)‑yari = a straight double‑edged spear with a long staff, total length 3 meter, also called Sankaku‑yari

Suikan = water blow‑gun with a small bladder attached beneath the blowpipe to contain the liquid ( irritant, drug or poison )

Suiki = collective term for sailing and snorkeling material, all water equipment for crossing over or moving under water

Suito = air pipe made of bamboo used like a snorkel

Sunakake‑bo = (okinawan) name for a Kai or oar

Sunnobi‑tan‑to = a long Tan‑to with a blade lenght up to 33,8 cm

Sun tetsu = small metal stick held in the hand to strike the opponent

Sun zumari‑tan‑to = a Tan‑to with a blade lenght of around 25 cm

Suriyin / Suruchin / Surujin = a length of rope with a weight at one end and a metal grip at the other end

Sutiku = stick of 91‑120 cm long

Suzume‑yumi = hunting bow

Suzu‑zue = other name for Shaku‑jo

Tabi‑ya = small hidden darts of about 25 cm long

Tabi(y)umi = small travel bow and by means of a metal joint in the middle of the bamboo it could be folded in half

Tachi = a long and curved single edged sword, ancestor of the Katana, also general term for all swords worn edge downwards, see Dai‑to

Tagane = a burin or engraving needle

Taiho = a light canon

Taira‑shuri‑ken = flat Shuri‑ken

Take‑hashigo = extendible high ladder made of bamboo sections and rope, can be used as a bridge because of extra hooks along the side

Take‑bishi = split bamboo caltraps put into the ground with the sharp end up

Take‑bo = a bamboo staff

Take‑zutsu = bamboo pipe, other name for Mizu‑zutsu

Tama‑gusari = a kind of chain weapon, like the Kusari‑fundo but with round weights at the ends

Tanagokoro‑taimatsu = a small handpalm torch to hide in the handpalm, storing an oil‑soaked wick and coal within a small iron container

Tan‑bo = (okinawan) name for a short stump stick that is shorter than 90 cm

Tanegashima = arquebus, early long muzzle loading matchlock rifle brought to Japan by the Portugese in 1543

Tan‑jo = short stick

Tanju = a portable cannon, not so accurate but very loud ans flashy to bring confusion, sometimes also used for pistols

Tan‑ken = a large straight knife

Tan‑kon = a short stick of about 60 cm long

Tan‑surujin = 1,5 m long chain with a metal grip on one end and a weight at the other end

Tan‑to = dagger or short sword with single edged curved shorter than 30 cm blade and handguard, worn with the Taichi, see Sho‑to

Tan‑to gata (‑shuri‑ken) = knives adapted to become daggershaped Shuri‑ken

Taomi = see Toami

Tarne‑gusari = a kind of chain weapon

Taru ikada = stiff, sealed leather flotation pots used in pairs to cross waterways by standing in them, or to store watersensitive items 

Tatami‑bune = a folding boat

Tatami juji = folded crossshaped 4 pointed Shuri‑ken

Tatami nomi = a kind of chisel

Te‑bo‑ko = a short hand spear of about 1,5 meter, looking like a sickle

Tedan = explosive

Tekkan zu = a knuckle‑duster made of metal rings for Atemi‑te

Tek‑ken / Tekki / Tek(k)o(n) = meaning'iron hand', ornamental (pointed) metal band slipped over the foreknuckles, kind of brassknuckles

Te(kko)‑kagi = meaning'tiger claws', a set of 4 metal claws worn on the hand with a metal or leather band, see Shu‑ko and Kuma‑shu‑ko

Tenbin = shoulderstick used to carry buckets of water or cans with food, one on either side of the stick to keep in balance

Tennen‑bishi = natural Maki‑bishi, hard sharp‑pointed seeds, to be used as caltrops, light to carry and for free

Tenohira taimatsu = this compact handheld torch was made from pine resin and bamboo skin, keeping it alight even in the rain

Teno uchi = meaning"inside the hand", a small handheld stick, sometimes with a rope attached to it to strangle people

Teppan = a kind of metal large version of the Senban‑shuri‑ken, only now square shaped

Teppo = meaning'iron rod', (matchlock) firearms and handguns

Tessen(a) = metal (wooden or bamboo) hand fan, sometimes with sharp points, about 30 cm long

Tetsu‑bishi = small multi pointed metal sharp spiked caltrops diamond or pyramid shaped, sometimes coated with poison, iron Hishi

Tetsu‑bo = a long iron (or metal‑reinforced wooden) bar used as a staff

Tetsu ho = iron bars made into a kind of primitive cannon, first prototype of Ninja gun

Tetsu‑(kei‑)bo = long iron or wooden bar with nails put into it

Tetsu ogi = see Tessen

Tetsu‑to = an iron sword for strenght training

Tetsu‑yari = a completely iron spear or simply a rod of iron used for strength practicing

Te‑yari = a short hand spear for attacking people within a building because it was short enough not to hit the ceiling

Timbei / Timpe / Tinbe(i) = small shield, originally made of tortoise

To = a short straight sword

Toami = fine, weighted fishing nets usually made from human hair ( for its strength ), to be used as traps or in close combat

Tobi‑hashigo = a climbing leaping ladder made of slats of bamboo tied together, with on each end a large iron hook

Tobi‑kunai = multifunctional forkshaped tool for gaining access through barred gates, a wedge‑like tool

Togari‑ya = a sharp arrow, designed to punch through the cuirass of an enemy

Togime / Tojime = metal sliding door jammer or steel bar with a hook on each end to hold the door closed by locking it

Tohai = little round shield made of wood covered with deerskin and sometimes with on the inside two handles

To‑ken = a kind of throwing sword

Toketsu = trap made into the ground filled with explosives

Toki = collective term for climbing gear, aids and tools

Tokushu‑kei‑bo = collapsible stainless steel weapon stick or baton

Tokushurosoku = a special candle

Tonfa / Tonfu = a hardwood shaft or handle, ca.50 cm, with a grip or handle attached about one fourth of the way, used usually in pairs

Ton(i)ki = collective term for small hidden throwing weapons, like Tetsu‑bishi, Shuri‑ken and darts

Torimono dougu = weapon used by the police force, it would injure but not kill, also known as Doshin or Yoriki

Tori‑nawa = collective term for twine‑ and strangle ropes, see also Haya‑nawa and Hon‑nawa

Torinoko = empty eggshells filled with gunpowder, or gunpowder wrapped in a sheet of paper like a firecracker with a fuse, to make noise

Tosu = a very small knife with slender blades, forerunner for the one‑pointed Shuri‑ken, approximately the size of a Kozuka

Toteki sha = a kind of battering‑ram

Totoki no‑ya = arrow with poisened feathershaft

Toyei nobori‑gama = a staff about 1,7 m long with an axeshaped iron lemmet on one end

Tsuba = sword handguard, used as a throwing weapon

Tsuba‑giri / Tsubo‑giri = a boring tool much like a crowbar or two‑pronged iron fork for opening locked doors or to cut holes in walls

Tsubute = ponderous heavy round Shuri‑ken or disks made of stone, hard wood or metal, usually kept blunt, also called Inji uchi

Tsue = a stick or staff, between 91‑128 cm long

Tsugi‑bune = portable and collapsible boat made out of several wooden boxes which can be joined together with waxed cloth and leather

Tsui‑giri = large picks used for both fighting and carving spyholes in walls

Tsuka = the hilt or handle of a sword or knife

Tsuke‑dake = bamboo container for gunpowder, pepper, firestones eic.

Tsuku‑bo = a T‑shaped pole used to keep someone down on the battlefield

Tsura / Tsuru = bowstring

Tsuri‑hashigo =long hanging bamboo ladder with extra hooks at the steps along either side and 2 rope supports with heavy chord

Tsurugi = first japanese swords from before 1400 A.D., with a straight, double edged lemmet, like the Ken, after chinese examples

Tuifa = see Tonfa

Tundo‑gusari = a kind of chain weapon

Tunfa = see Tonfa

Tungawa / Tunkuwa = a kind of Tonfa

Uchi‑bo = other name for Renkuwan

Uchi‑dake = lighter or firestarter, a waterproof gunpowder, piece of chargoal or embers container inside a bamboo tube, similar to a Doka

Uchi‑gatana = meaning"hitting sword", older name for the long sword with handguard that came after the Tachi, later becoming Katana

Uchi‑kagi = a prying hook, driven into a wall to help the Ninja climb (when used in pairs), or used to open doors

Uchimono = collective term for missile weapons

Uchi ne = short throwing spear or short javelin that looks like a oversized arrow, made of bamboo or hardwood

Uchi take = a 2 m long bamboo walkingstick

U‑eku = other name for Eku‑bo or Kai

Ukidara / Ukidaru = water‑crossing device of two waterproof reed bucket‑like floating pots for the feet, used with fan‑like bamboo oars

Ukigasu = round objects, camouflaged as lanterns bound at the body as drivers

Uma‑bari / Umi‑bari = pin, needle or knife put in a hole in the Tsuba, a one piece,all steel, implement of triangular cross‑section,see Kogai

U(zu)mebi = simple antipersonnel landmines that explode when stepped on and made of the same ingredients as Nage‑deppo, see Jirai

Wakizashi = companion short single‑handed sword worn with Katana forming the Daisho, lenght of blade 30‑60cm, see Sho‑to

Wakizashi‑teppo = single shot handgun concealed as a Wakizashi

Wari‑bashi = chopsticks

Wari‑kogai = like a Kogai but it is split in the middle and devided along the centre line into two parts, can be used as chopsticks

Watakuri = a lance‑shaped bearded arrow head

Ya = arrow from wood or bamboo, originally with stone‑ later with iron or metal arrowhead

Yagara mogara = pole arm having a multi‑pronged barbed head used to entangle an opponent

Yagora = a big wheellike machine used as a step to climb walls

Yajiri = heavy‑bladed saw

Ya‑ken = burning throwing device

Yama‑gatana = other name for Shinobi‑gatana

Yamato‑jo = other name for Jitte

Yami dako / Yami doko = a man‑sized kite used to float with, see also Hito washi

Yari(‑bo) = a straight‑blade spear of 2,5 m, there are short and long blade varieties, sometimes they have a sharp point at the butt

Yari‑naga = see Nage‑yari

Yatate = a writing kit, also called Sekihitsu

Yawara(‑bo) = a short stick of metal,wood or other hard substances, about 15‑40 cm, held in the closed fist, also called Kongo or Jawara

Ya‑zutsu = a quiver for arrows

Yoji = toothpick

Yonsetsu‑kon‑nunchaku = a Nunchaku made of 4 wooden sticks

Yon‑shaku‑bo = okinawan name for Jo

Yoriki = other name for Torimono dougu

Yor(o)i doshi / Yoroi toshi = an armour‑piercing dagger shaped like a spike, lemmetlength 24‑30 cm, also called Medazashi

Yubi‑bo = a type of Bo

Yumi = a long ca. 230 cm a‑symetric bow, made of wood or bamboo, the longest in the world

Zue = see Tsue                                  

Zukuri = sword

Zutsukan = the smallest of the blowpipes, a longue pipe that can be carried comfortably in the mouth for extended periods of time





Aka‑obi = the red training belt

Amegasa / Amigasa = big wicker straw rain hat for hiding the face and hiding messages

Aori‑obi = the blue training belt

Ayigasa = a silk‑lined rush hat worn by Samurai in the street

Bakama = see Hakama

Bogu = armor

Budo‑gi = see Do‑gi

Chairo‑obi = the brown training belt

Chika‑tabi = see Jika‑tabi

Daidaiiro‑obi = the orange training belt

Do = basic corselet or tight‑fitting coat of armor

Do‑gi = meaning"martial way uniform", (white) tunic of jacket, trousers and belt, worn for practice and training

Ebi = socks

Eboshi = long, smooth black cap

Eri = collar

Fukimen / Fukumen = a facial mask, made of a single piece of cloth, wrapped around the head, to disguise one's facial features

Fundoshi = loin‑ or waistcloth

Furisode = a Japanese dress for young ladies

Furoshiki = a wrapping cloth to contain your possessions

Gake = gauntlet, glove

Geiko‑gi = cotton training tunic (for beginners), also cotton track‑suit, see also Gi

Get(t)a = high wooden clogs or sandals with a Y‑shaped thong and two slats on the underside, worn to practice waist balance and silent treading

Gi = meaning"uniform", loose martial art training tunic, see also Geiko‑gi

Hachimachi / Hachimaki = sweatband or absorbent cloth used as headband

Haidate = the thigh guard of a Samurai armor

Hakama / Hakema = meaning"split skirt", long divided skirt‑like garment covering the legs and feet, loose flowing overtrousers worn over the Gi‑pants, either split like pants or unsplit like a skirt

Haku‑i kimono = a kind of Kimono

Haori = a type of small jacket or cloak ( without sleeves ) worn over the Kimono or Jaketsu and it exaggerates              the shoulders

Happi = cotton cloth

Haramaki = a wide (woolen) ribbon or string, worn around the waist, against cooling down of the lowerback

Hawa‑gi = a camouflage coat covered with leaves and other foliage that helps break up the Ninja´s outline

Himo = the ribbons of the Hakama

Hoate = an iron mask covering the chin and cheeks only

Hokamuri = facial mask, f.i. made out of the Tengugui

Horo = capelike cloth

Iga‑bakama = kind of wrap‑tight‑around‑the‑body Ninja Hakama

Iik(k)a‑tabi = see Jika‑tabi

Jaketsu = jacket

Jika‑tabi = cotton or leather outdoor shoes with rubber soles

Jimbaori = over‑coat

Jingasa = conical helmet

Joekata = cotton bathmantel or bathing‑wrap

Juban = (white) cotton undercoat

Juban gote = chain tunic armor

Kabuto = helmet, part of armor

Kabuto‑yoroi = see Katchu

Kamishimo = meaning"top and bottom", consisting of a Kataginu worn over a Kimono or Uwa‑gi and a pleated  Haskama skirt, a ceremonial dress or formal clothing worn by Bu‑shi

Kappa = raincoat

Kasa = large straw hat

Katabira = light Kimono

Kataginu = a stiff‑winged, sleeveless vest or overrobe with winglike shoulders, worn during ceremonies

Katana uke = a wristguard made of leather and iron to fend off sword strikes

Katchu = a suit of armor plus helmet

Kawa‑tabi = shoes from tanned skin

Keiko‑gi = see Geiko‑gi

Kesa = coat or stole from a buddhist monk

Kiahan = shin‑guard from cotton or linen

Kiiro‑obi = the yellow training belt

Kimono = traditional long, loose robelike garment, usually cotton or silk, worn by men and women

Ko‑bakama = abbereviated trousers worn under Tosei armor, a kind of Hakama

Koromo = over‑robe

Koshiate / Koshiita = a strenghtened carrying‑strap for around the waist

Koshi‑obi = a sash cinched at the hips

Kote = wrist‑ and armguard from rings and stripes of metal, armoured sleeve

Kumoso no tebukoro = meaning"spider silk gloves",a pair of specially prepared gauntlets (+shoes), to climb like a spider over any surface

Kurigata = the eye or hole in a garment

Kuro‑obi = the black training belt

Kusari‑gote = see Kote

Kusari‑haramaki = mail and plate version of a Haramaki

Kusari‑katabira = coat of mail, chainmail or chain armor

Kutsu = stiff boots or shoes of fur

Kyahan = leg wraps with pieces of string or flat cords, tied around each leg covering the calves from the knee to the ankle

Mempo / Menpo = an armored face mask, usually made of metal

Midori‑obi = the green training belt

Mino = straw rain coat or cloack

Mizukaki(‑geta) = webbed wooden sandals, like swimfins, used for the purpose of swimming under water

Momen‑tabi = cotton socks

Momohiki = skirt‑like trousers with small legs

Mon(t)suki = formal Kimono (with family weapon)

Naga‑bakama = long, wide trousers that actually covered the feet and had to be dragged behind as one walked

Nanabake = the 7 basic Ninja disguise costums used in Shichi ho de

Ninja‑gi = the Ninja outfit, usually reversible, in different colors and with many concealed pockets, see Shinobi‑gi

Ninja‑yoroi = the Ninja suit of armor

Nin niku yoroi = see Ninja‑yoroi

Nodowa = the neck guard of a Samurai armor

Obi = wide sash‑like belt (sometimes) full of varieus objects to aid the Ninja on his mission, the Obi could also be used to bind an enemy or as an escaping rope

Öse = see Kurigata

Oyoroi = meaning"large armor", the traditional full armor worn by Bu‑shi during the early warring states period  (1467‑1573)

Sageo = scabbard cord or rope pulled through a Kurigata in the Obi to fix the sword, the Sageo could also be used to bind up the sleeves

Sakura = wide over‑garment from very thin material, worn over the Kimono

Sanjaku tenug(u)i = meaning"three shaku towel", carried folded, to be used as a bandage, a towel , a sling or facemask, see also Tengugui

Setta = sandals with leather soles

Shima‑obi = the red and white training belt

Shinobi‑fuku = secret Ninja out‑fit of a very dark color, see Ninja‑gi

Shinobi‑gi / Shinobi‑shozoku = darkcolored Ninja combat costume worn on missions, see Ninja‑gi

Shinobi‑zukin = see Tengugui

Shin‑shozoku = funeral kimono

Shiromusashi = a kind of jacket or vest ?

Shiro‑obi = the white training belt

Shita‑gi = militairy Kimono

Shojoku / Shozoku / Shozuki / Shozuko / Shozuku = other name for Gi

Sode = the shoulder guard of a Samurai armor

Suami = black clothes

Suneate = the shin guard of a Samurai armor, also used by Ninja

Suzukake = a wide (over‑)garment, worn by Yama‑bushi

Tabi = traditional Ninja split‑toed shoe or heavy sock, see also Jika‑tabi, Kawa‑tabi and Wata‑tabi

Tanzen = warm garment for over the Yukata

Tare = waist armor

Tasuki = a cord used to tie the sleeves

Tekko / Tekoh = gloves, to hide and protect the hands, arm and wrist cover

Tengai = deep straw baskets wore on the head by Komuso‑priests during the Eda‑period

Ten(g)ug(u)i = long piece of cloth to be used as a facial mask, a belt, a Hachimaki or for climbing a wall, see Zuken

Tokin = small peak cap worn by Yama‑bushi

Tomesode = a Japanese dress for ladies

Tosei gusoku = meaning"modern armor"and was designed to afford more comfort than the traditional Oyoroi

Uchi‑gi = underclothing

Uwa‑gi = heavy upper jacket or coat of the Geiko‑gi, it has many pockets

(U)wa‑obi = kind of black Obi, outer sash or belt

Wagesa = long cloth ribbon hung around the neck by Yama‑bushi

Waragi / Waraji = common sandals made of raw straw or rope with a strap between the big and second toe, attached to the legs with cords

Wata‑tabi = split‑toed heavy sock with extra strong soles

Yoroi = a suit of body‑armor, see also Katchu, Ninja‑yoroi, Oyoroi and Tosei gusoku

Yoroi hitatare = armor robe, costume of brocade worn underneath the armor

Yu‑gake = an archer's glove

Yukata = light cotton summer‑Kimono

Yuki waragi = snow sandals made out of raw straw with pieces of bamboe under the soles

Zori = sandals or slippers, originally of straw with cotton soles, now totaly of cotton or leather, with a thong, more formal than the Waragi

                                                                                                                                         Zukin / Zuken = hood or facial mask, from a long cloth about 30 cm in width, when laid on the ground it masks your walking sounds, see Tengugui





Aiki‑jutsu = meaning"art of spirit/harmony", combative grappling, with the emphasis on attacking the joints of the arms

Ai uchi = the art of reacting instantly as soon as you are beeing attacked, without thinking

Ankoku toshi‑jutsu = special techniques for seeing in the dark, sensory deprivation used to develop awareness

Antoshi‑jutsu = entrapping techniques, part of Daken‑tai‑jutsu

Atemi‑jutsu / Atemi‑te = the art of attacking the vital points of the body, see also Genkotsu, Koshi‑jutsu, Kyusho‑jutsu, Shotetsutsuki and Yubi‑jutsu

Ba‑jutsu = combative horsemanship for battle, travel or escape, see also Jo‑ba‑jutsu and Sui‑ba‑jutsu

Bakemono‑jutsu = ghost arts for invisible entry

Bat‑to‑jutsu = the art of drawing and cutting with the sword immediately when it is drawn, see also Iai‑jutsu, Iainuki and Nuki‑uchi

Bi‑ken‑jutsu = the art of sword fighting including the use of blades of different lengths, see also Hi‑ken‑jutsu and Ken‑jutsu

Bisen‑to‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Bisen‑to

Bo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Bo

Bok‑ken‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Bok‑ken

Bu‑do = the Japanese physical and spiritual martial arts, see also Bu‑jutsu

Bufu = the martial tradition

Bugei = the Japanese martial skills, see also Bu‑jutsu and Ninpo bugei

Bu‑jutsu = the (Bushi) warrior or military armed and unarmed fighting arts, see also Bu‑do, Bugei, Kobu‑jutsu and Ninpo bu‑jutsu

Bukiho = the study of weapons

Buki‑jutsu = the proper handling of traditional (Ninja) weaponry, see also Bukiho

Bumon = meaning"martial gate", the warrior arts

Bushi‑do / Bushi‑no‑michi = the way of the warrior (class), based on honour, loyalty, duty and obedience

Chakuzen(no‑)jutsu = the art of hiding in ceilings and crossing or"walking"ceilings and attics

Chigiriki‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Chigiriki

Chiku‑to‑jutsu = the act of fighting with the Chiku‑to

Chikuzen‑jutsu = see Chakuzen‑jutsu

Chimon(‑jutsu) = meaning"earthly forces", geography knowledge and survival navigation, see also Tenmon

Chiren‑jutsu = knowledge training, from herbal medicine, psychology, to law, languages and surveillance, etc.

Chiton‑jutsu = using the elements of the earth to disappear, part of Tenchijin santon no ho, see Doton‑jutsu

Cho(ku)‑to‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Cho(ku)‑to

Choyaku‑jutsu = jumping techniques, see also Hicho‑jutsu

Daisho sabaki = the two sword use and counters

Daken‑tai‑jutsu = striking methods, includes Koppo‑jutsu (= Keri‑waza or stepping and kicking techniques, Tsuki‑waza or thrusting techniques, Uke‑waza or blocking skills and Uchi‑waza or punching techniques), Antoshi‑jutsu, Koshi‑jutsu and  Kyusho‑jutsu, part of Tai‑jutsu

Doton‑jutsu = ground concealment techniques or earth methods, includes Chimon‑jutsu and Sekiton‑jutsu, part of Goton‑po, also called Chiton‑jutsu

Enteki = long‑distance archery, see also Kyu‑jutsu

Fuki‑bari‑jutsu = the art of using Fuki‑bari

Fuki‑dake‑jutsu = the art of using the Fuki‑dake

Fundo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Fundo

Gekikan‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Gekikan

Gekitotsu‑bu‑jutsu = the art of using small hit‑and‑thrust weapons

Gek‑ken‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Gek‑ken

Genkotsu = the assault on vital points, see also Atemi‑jutsu, Koshi‑jutsu, Kyusho‑jutsu, Shotetsutsuki and Yubi‑jutsu

Getton no‑jutsu = the use of the moon to your advantage, part of Tenmon study

Goshin‑jutsu = the art of self‑defense from unarmed and armed opponents

Goton‑po = concealing and escaping methods of Inton‑jutsu, based on the five Go‑gyo elements ( Doton‑, Katon‑, Kinton‑, Mokuton‑ and Suiton‑jutsu), see also Inpo, Ongyo‑jutsu, Sekiton‑jutsu, Tonkei no‑jutsu and Tonpo

Ha‑jutsu = the art of escaping from strangleholds and grabbings by crusting and destroying, part of Ju‑tai‑jutsu

Han‑bo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Han‑bo

Han‑kyu‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Han‑kyu, see also Kyu‑jutsu

Happo hi‑ken‑jutsu = fighting techniques with 8 hidden secret weapons and swords, see also Hi‑ken‑jutsu

Hayagake‑jutsu = the art of developing greater speed in walking and running, see also Hoki‑jutsu

Hi‑buki‑jutsu = the art of using secret weapons

Hicho‑jutsu = the art of jumping, climbing and'flying', see also Choyaku‑jutsu and Shoten no‑jutsu

Hi‑jutsu = secret techniques, see also Hi‑ken‑jutsu

Hi‑ken‑jutsu = secret swordfight techniques, see also Happo hi‑ken‑jutsu

Hishigi‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Hishigi

Hi‑so‑jutsu = secret spear techniques

Hobaku‑jutsu = the art of tying up, see also Hojo‑jutsu

Hofuku‑jutsu = Ninja crawling techniques

Hojo‑jutsu = the art of binding and rope tying to immobilise a captive, see also Hobaku‑jutsu, Obi‑jutsu and Torite‑jutsu

Ho‑jutsu = the art of using firearms

Hoken‑jutsu = the control of (guard‑)dogs

Hoki‑jutsu / Hoko‑jutsu = special walking techniques, see also Hayagake‑jutsu and Shinobi iri

Ho‑ko‑jutsu = the art of fighting with Ho‑ko‑weapons

Iai‑jutsu = the art of drawing, cutting and re‑sheathing of the sword, see also Bat‑to‑jutsu, Iainuki and Shinobi‑iai

Iainuki = rapid sword drawing techniques, a simultaneus draw and strike, see also Bat‑to‑jutsu, Iai‑jutsu, Nuki‑uchi and Shinobi‑iai

Inpo = the art of hiding in movement, part of Ongyo no‑jutsu, see also Joei gakure no‑jutsu, Kagashi gakure no‑jutsu, Kitsune gakure no‑jutsu, Shiba gakure no‑jutsu, Tanuki gakure no‑jutsu and Uzura gakure no‑jutsu

Inton‑jutsu = concealment, escape, camouflage and infiltration techniques, includes Goton‑po and Inpo

It‑to‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the It‑to

Jinton(no)‑jutsu = using the surprise element of small live animals, to disappear or escape, part of Tenchijin santon no ho

Jissen‑jutsu = real life fighting techniques

Jo‑ba‑jutsu = traditional Japanese horsemanship, see also Ba‑jutsu and Sui‑ba‑jutsu

Joei gakure no‑jutsu = Inpotechniques by hiding with the help of light, shadow, noises and fire, the fire method

Joein‑jutsu = techniques of breathing and lessons in bearing which teach you to be more aware of your physical presence to make hiding and moving unseen easier

Jo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Jo

Josei‑goshin‑jutsu = women's combat skills, de‑emphasizing the use of strength while teaching economy of movement and strikes to vital points, see also Kunoichi‑jutsu

Ju‑ken‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Ju‑ken

Junan tais(h)o = yoga‑like exercises and body conditioning, see also Jun undo and Taisho

Jun(bi) undo = bodytraining and preparation exercices for training, see also Junan taisho and Taisho

Ju on no‑jutsu = being invisible in open field by camouflage techniques, see also Kagashi gakure no‑jutsu

Ju‑tai‑jutsu = grappling methods, includes Nage‑waza (throws), Tori‑te (throw downs), Gyaku‑waza (grappling), Shime‑waza (chokes) Oasae‑komi‑waza (locks), Kansetsu‑waza (joint locks) and Ha‑jutsu, part of Tai‑jutsu

Jutte‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Jutte

Kagashi gakure no‑jutsu = Inpotechniques by completely blending with your environment for camouflage,the void method

Kai‑ken‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Kai‑ken

Ka‑jutsu = the use of fire, fire‑arms, smoke, incendiary devices and explosives, also called Kayaku‑jutsu, see also Dokuen‑jutsu, Hidama and Onibi no‑jutsu

Kakure‑jutsu = stealth and hiding techniques

Kakushi‑buki‑jutsu = the art of using small, secret and hidden weapons, especially by Kunoichi

Kama gakure = distraction method by throwing small metal parts which cause some noise

Kama‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Kama

Kame gakure no‑jutsu = Suiton‑technique to keep breathing under water with several devices

Kancho‑jutsu = espionage techniques and skills, see also Sekko‑jutsu

Kan geiko = wintertraining

Kannon gakure no‑jutsu = techniques of hiding at night by disappearing into the shadows or pressing yourself flat against a wall, and breathe as little as possible, part of Ongyo(no)‑jutsu

Karumi‑jutsu = the art of lightening oneself by special breathing‑ and relaxation methods, for jumping, glimbing, dodging

Katachi‑jutsu = the way of the warrior

Katon‑jutsu = the use of fire, light, explosives and smoke for infiltration and escape, includes de use of Kaki equipment, part of Goton‑po

Kayaku(no)‑jutsu = other name for Ka‑jutsu

Keiho‑jutsu = police self‑defense

Keiko = training, practice

Ken‑jutsu = the art of swordsmanship, part of Ninja kenpo, see also Bi‑ken‑jutsu, Happo hi‑ken‑jutsu and Hi‑ken‑jutsu

Ken nage‑jutsu = sword throwing techniques

Kenpo = see Ninja kenpo

Kensou akuma = the demonic hand to hand fighting techniques of the Hakuun Ryu

Kikan‑kyusho = attacking the organs of the body, part of Kyusho‑jutsu

Kinryoku‑kyusho = attacking the muscle of the body, part of Kyusho‑jutsu

Kinton(no)‑jutsu = using metal objects for escape and distraction, including a wide range of Kaiki tools for gaining access and Shuri‑ken for distraction and the use of structures and buildings for concealment, part of Goton‑po

Kiseru‑jutsu = the art of using the Kiseru

Kisha‑jutsu = archery and horsemanship, see also Kyu‑ba‑jutsu and Yabusame

Kitsune gakure no‑jutsu = Inpo‑techniques by hiding under water, the water method

Kobo no‑jutsu = the essence of fighting

Ko‑bu‑jutsu = the practice of old traditional martial arts (from before 1500) of both Japan and Okinawa

Ko‑buki‑jutsu = the art of using minor and of small weapons

Ko‑dachi‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Ko‑dachi

Koei‑no‑jutsu = special techniques for hiding in the shades

Kogusoku = the official police grappling system, it includes jointlocks, immobilising holds and throws, see also Keiho‑jutsu and Taiho‑jutsu

Kombo = the art of defending oneself with a stick

Koppo‑jutsu = bone‑breaking techniques, part of Daken‑tai‑jutsu, see also Nawanuke no‑jutsu

Kos(s)hi‑jutsu = weak‑points attacks with the fingers and strikes on the organs and muscles, nerve hitting, part of Daken‑tai‑jutsu, see also Atemi‑jutsu, Genkotsu, Kyusho‑jutsu, Shito‑jutsu, Shotetsutsuki and Yubi‑jutsu

Kumi uchi = battlefield close‑quarter grappling and combat, see also Yoroi‑kumi uchi

Kunoichi‑jutsu = the deadly art of the female Ninja, see also Josei‑goshin‑jutsu

Kusari‑buki‑jutsu = the art of using chain weapons

Kusari‑fundo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Kusari‑fundo

Kusari‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Kusari

Kusari‑gama‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Kusari‑gama

Kyaku‑jutsu = see Kayaku‑jutsu

Kyoketsu shoge‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Kyoketsu shogei

Kyu‑ba‑jutsu = archery and horsemanship, see also Kisha‑jutsu, Kyu‑jutsu and Yabusame

Kyu‑jutsu = techniques of combat archery, see also Enteki, Han‑kyu‑jutsu, Kisha‑jutsu, Kyu‑ba‑jutsu and Yabusame 

Kyusho‑jutsu = attacking vital points of the body, includes Shinki‑kyusho (nerves attacks), Kinryoku‑kyusho (muscle attacks) and Kikan‑kyusho (organ attacks), part of Daken‑tai‑jutsu, see also Atemi‑ jutsu, Genkotsu, Kiatsu, Koshi‑ jutsu, Shotetsutsuki and Yubi‑jutsu Manriki‑gusari‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Manriki‑gusari

Mokuton‑jutsu = escape and concealment with the use of trees and plants and Toki climbing equipment, part of Goton‑po

Mono no fu no michi = the path of the warrior

Musha no narai = warrior lessons

Mutodori = Ninja unarmed defences against weapons

Muton no‑jutsu = the use of fog at your advantage, part of Tenmon study

Nage‑ken‑jutsu = the art of throwing with the Nage‑ken

Naginata‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Naginata

Natsu geiko = summertraining

Nawa‑jutsu = the art of using a rope

Nawa nage = rope and lasso throwing

Nawa nobori = rope climbing

Nawanuke(no)‑jutsu = suppleness, techniques of loosening a knot or escaping from bandage by dislocating one's bone joints

Ninja kenpo = Ninja swordfighting techniques, includes also Ken‑jutsu and Iai‑jutsu

Ninja‑to‑jutsu = Ninja sword techniques

Nin‑jutsu = the art of stealth,the Ninja's art of accomplishment, see also Ninpo nin‑jutsu and Shinobi‑no‑jutsu

Ninpo bugei = the Ninja warrior arts, see also Ninpo bu‑jutsu

Ninpo bu‑jutsu = the martial arts of the Ninja, see also Ninpo bugei

Ninpo goshin‑jutsu = the Ninja art of self‑defense

Ninpo tai‑jutsu = the Ninja's art of using the body in combat, see also Tai‑jutsu

Ni‑to(‑ken)‑jutsu = the art of using two swords at the same time

Nitton no‑jutsu = the use of the sun to your advantage, part of Tenmon study

Nuki‑uchi = the simultaneous draw and cut of the sword, see also Bat‑to‑jutsu and Iainuke

Nunchaku‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Nunchaku

Obi‑jutsu = the effective use of the Obi for strangulation and binding of the enemy

O'dachi‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the O'dachi

Ongyo(no)‑jutsu = special disappearing techniques, the art of hiding, other name for Goton‑po, see also Kannon‑ , Tanuki‑ and Uzura gakure no‑jutsu

Ono‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Ono 

Onshin(tongyo no)‑jutsu = the art of invisibility, includes Inton‑jutsu, Metsu‑bushi and Shichi‑ho‑de, see also Soto tonko no kata

Ran tei ken = being able to throw anything that comes in hand

Roku‑shaku‑bo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Roku‑shaku‑bo

Sabaki = Nin‑jutsu walking techniques, includes Aruki and Ashi, part of Tai‑hen‑jutsu

Samurai‑do = the path of one‑who‑serves, the way of the Samurai

San‑shaku‑bo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the San‑shaku‑bo or Han‑bo

Sasumata‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Sasumata

Satten‑jutsu = knowledge of atmospheric conditions based on astrology, divination, astronomy and meteorology, see also Tenmon

Seiton no‑jutsu = the use of astronomy for navigation, part of Tenmon study, see also Satten‑jutsu

Sekiton‑jutsu = escape and concealment with the use of stones, part of Doton‑jutsu

Sekko‑jutsu = scouting and spying techniques, see also Cho ho, Jissensekko gi‑jutsu and Kancho‑jutsu

Senban nage(‑jutsu) = the art of throwing the Senban‑shuri‑ken, see also Shuri‑ken‑jutsu

Sessho‑no‑jutsu = close fighting, an older name for Ju‑jutsu

Shiba gakure(no)‑jutsu = the art of hiding oneself in various environments and common objects, an Inpo‑technique, the void method

Shikomi‑buki‑jutsu = the art of using deceptive or trick weapons

Shikomi‑zue‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the hidden sword or Shikomi‑zue

Shinkengata = combat Tai‑jutsu, see also Tai‑jutsu

Shinken tai hen‑jutsu = sword evasion skills

Shinki‑kyusho = attacking the nerves of the body, part of Kyusho‑jutsu

Shinobi deru‑jutsu = stealth escaping skills

Shinobi ho = the art of stealth, forerunner of Nin‑jutsu

Shinobi‑iai = Ninja sworddrawing techniques, see also Iai‑jutsu and Iainuki

Shinobi‑iri(‑jutsu) = stealth and entering techniques, includes Aruki (walking techniques), Ashi (stepping techniques) and Tobi (jumping and leaping methods), part of Tai‑hen‑jutsu, see also Hoki‑jutsu and Joei on‑jutsu

Shinobi(no‑)jutsu = stealth, camouflage and deception techniques, original term for Nin‑jutsu, used from around 600 A.D.

Shinobi sugata‑jutsu = stealth and disguise skills

Shinobi‑tan‑to‑jutsu = fighting skills with the Shinobi‑tan‑to

Shinobi waza = see Nin‑jutsu

Shinren‑jutsu = heart training, involves the training of the senses and of your instinct

Shira hatori = being able to defend oneself unarmed against a sword attack

Shito‑jutsu = attacks to the nerve‑centers of the body, using the tips of the fingers, see also Koshi‑jutsu and Yubi‑jutsu                                                             

Shoten no‑jutsu = meaning"climbing to the heavens", vertical (tree) climbing techniques, see also Hicho‑jutsu and Nawa nobori

Shotetsutsuki = fatal attacks at weak points of the body, see also Atemi‑jutsu, Genkotsu, Koshi‑ , Kyusho‑ and Yubi‑jutsu

Shugyo = austere and intense training

Shuri‑ken‑jutsu = fighting tactics with all kinds of Shuri‑ken, see also Kama gakure, Senban nage‑jutsu and Totoku hiyashi

Sodegarami‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Sodegarami

So ho / So‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the So

Sosetsu‑kon‑jutsu = meaning"the art of the two seasons sticks", okinawan name for Nunchaku‑jutsu

Soto tonko no kata = the training to make your acts invisible for the other

Sui‑ba‑jutsu = horsemanship in water, see also Ba‑jutsu and Jo‑ba‑jutsu

Sui(ei)‑jutsu = the art of (stealth)swimming and fighting in or under water

Suijohoko‑jutsu = the art of crossing water, see also Ukigasu gakure

Suiren = (under‑)watertraining and the use of all the crafts, see also Kitsune gakure no‑jutsu, Suijohoko‑jutsu, Suiton‑jutsu, Ukigasu gakure and Sui(ei)‑jutsu

Suiton‑jutsu = water escape and concealment arts, involves also the use of Suiki‑equipment, part of Goton‑po, see Kame gakure no‑jutsu

Sumu assari‑jutsu= the art of eliminating someone as soon as possible

Tachidori = the art of taking the other's sword away

Tachi‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Tachi

Tai hen‑jutsu = body adaptation arts, includes Dachi (stands), Nagare (drops), Kaiten (rolls), Shinobi iri (silent movement), Ukemi (breakfalls) & Kamae (postures), part of Tai‑jutsu

Taiho‑jutsu= arrest techniques and police restraining techniques, see also Keiho‑jutsu, Kogusoku and Yaku‑kobu‑jutsu

Tai‑jutsu = unarmed combat methods, includes Daken‑tai‑jutsu, Ju‑tai‑jutsu and Tai hen‑jutsu, see also Ninpo tai‑jutsu and Shinkengata

Tai‑jutsu sosoku shugyo = body technique of walking like the wind 

Tairen‑jutsu = body training and strenghtening

Taisabaki(‑jutsu) = bodymovement or evasion which should be free flowing, see also Tonpo

Tais(h)o = warming‑up exercises and body conditioning, see also Junan taisho and Jun undo

Tamashiwara = (fatal) breaking techniques on objects or creatures with the fists, knees, elbows, feet or forehead

Tan‑bo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Tan‑bo

Tan‑to‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Tan‑to

Tanuki gakure no‑jutsu = meaning"badger hiding", Mokuton‑technique, the art of hiding in a tree like an animal, an Inpo‑technique, the air method, part of Ongyo(no)‑jutsu

Taoko no‑jutsu = the ability to overcome an opponent from a distance

Taomi‑jutsu = see Toami‑jutsu

Tekko‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Tekko

Tenchijin santon no ho = 30 ways to blend in and disappear, consisting of 10 Tenton‑, 10 Chiton‑ and 10 Jinton‑techniques

Tenmon = meteorology and astronomy, incl. Getton , Muton, Nitton, Seiton and Unton no jutsu, see also Satten‑jutsu and Chimon

Tenton‑jutsu = using the elements of the heavens to disappear, part of Tenchijin santon no ho

Teppo‑jutsu = firearms skills

Tessen‑jutsu = the art of using the Tessen

Tetsu‑bo‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Tetsu‑bo

Toako no‑jutsu / Toate‑jutsu = enables you to overcome an opponent from a distance

Toami‑jutsu = fighting, throwing and catching techniques with the (weighted) Toami

To‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the To                                                                              

To‑ken‑jutsu = the art of throwing the To‑ken        

Tongyo no‑jutsu = the most advanced Ninpo techniques

Tonkei no‑jutsu / Tonko no‑jutsu = name for all the camouflage‑, concealment‑ and escapingtechniques, see also Chiton‑jutsu,  Inton‑jutsu, Inpo and Ju on no‑jutsu

Tonpo = escape and disappearing techniques, part of Ongyo(no)‑jutsu, see also Goton no‑jutsu and Taisabaki‑jutsu

Tori‑nawa‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Nawa

Torite‑jutsu = arresting techniques, see also Hojo‑jutsu

To‑so‑jutsu= the art of fighting with sword and spear

Totoku hiyashi / Totoku heishi = avoiding Shuri‑ken blades with a sword or by body‑movement as a means of avoiding them

Towate‑jutsu = hand weapons and diversions

Uchi ne = fighting techniques with the Uchi ne

Ukigasu gakure = techniques for crossing water with all kind of equipment, see also Suiji‑hoko‑jutsu

Unton no‑jutsu = the use of clouds to your advantage, part of Tenmon study

Uzura gakure no‑jutsu = meaning"quail hiding", Inpo‑technique by hiding into small gaps between objects, the earth method, part of Ongyo(no)‑jutsu

Yabusame = archery on horseback, see also Kisha‑jutsu and Kyu‑ba‑jutsu

Yadome‑jutsu = the art of cutting down or parrying arrows or other missile weapons

Yaku‑kobu‑jutsu = martial art techniques for police officials, the old name for Taiho‑jutsu

Yamabiko = personal instruction or training given from teacher to student

Yamikeigo = Ninja practices in the dark

Yari‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Yari, see also Yari nage

Yari nage = the art of throwing the Yari

Yari yubu = see Yari‑jutsu

Yawara‑jutsu = the art of fighting with the Yawara (‑bo)

Yoroi‑kumiuchi = grappling and fighting in battlefield armor with the Yoroi heavy dagger

Yubi‑jutsu = the art of attacking the nerve centres with the thumb , see also Atemi‑jutsu, Genkotsu, Koshi‑jutsu, Kyusho‑jutsu, Shito‑jutsu  and Shotetsutsuki

Yugei = traditional education, etiquette and performing arts such as playing, singing, dancing etc.

Yugei no‑jutsu = one on one confrontation

Zanzon ho = ninja survival‑techniques





Ametori no-jutsu = meaning"a man of straw", encompasses all tactics, tricks and techniques of deception                

Ango-jutsu = the use of secret messages

Ansatsu = assassination, a common mission for a Ninja

Benmin-jutsu = judging the dept of a person`s sleep, part of Chikairi no-jutsu, see also Minka-do

Bo ryaku = concepts of battle strategies and stratagems, see also Gun ryaku and Hei ho

Chakuzen no-jutsu = the trick of hiding in a ceiling, attic, etc. of an enemy camp until the right moment of attack

Chikairi(no)-jutsu = infiltration of enemy lines or fortifications during a battle and espionage techniques, the nine methods of prevailing

Chikujo-jutsu = the art of constructing fortifications and enginering

Chikyu(no)-jutsu = a Toiri tactic used by captured ninja to convince the enemy he has betrayed his own side, until he has the opportunity to escape and rejoin his own people again savely

Chizu no-jutsu = the art of mapping ( enemy ) territory

Cho ho = espionage tactics and methods for reporting secret investigations, see also Monomi no-jutsu and Sekko-jutsu

Dokuen-jutsu = the use of poisoned smoke which can be divided into two categories : combustion chemicals and liquid vapors

Ennyu(no)-jutsu = a trick of using deception ( a feint ) to penetrade enemy lines or to get into an enemy camp

Fukurogaeshi no-jutsu ='escaping'to the enemy camp after'betraying'his own lord but when the time was there the double-agent betrayed his new lord and returned to his own original camp, a Toiri tactic

Fukuro(hiru)gaeshi zen-jutsu = the art of infiltrating enemy lines to bring about dissension between the enemy lord and his relatives, by feeding this relative with false information, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique

Funnin no ho = use of agents disguised as laborers in by enemy beseiged community to wait there for the arrival of the occupying troops

Ganko = meaning"flying bird", a flexible Ninja military strategy, easily moved battlefield formation

Gein(r)yu (no)-jutsu = the art of infiltrating enemy lines and causing havoc and disruption by setting fires etc.,a Chikairi no-jutsu technique

Gis(h)o giin (no)-jutsu = the art of forgery

Gis(h)o-jutsu = the art of deception by adopting an other personality, impersonation skills, see also Henso-jutsu

Gundam / Gundan = an organized unit of soldiers, a battalion

Gunryaku = battle strategies and the studying of military principles, see also Bo ryaku and Hei ho

Gunryaku-hei ho = military tactics, see also Gun ryaku and Hei ho

Gyorin = meaning"fishsoup", a Ninja military strategy which was used when the enemy troops were in the majority

Hagakure no-jutsu = the strategy of making one person appear as many, or vice versa

Heigaku = martial science

Heiho = ( guerrilla ) battlefield and combat strategies, see also Bo ryaku, Gun ryaku and Gun ryaku-hei ho

Hei no michi = path of military strategy, the system of transmitting militair knowledge

Hengen kashi(no)-jutsu = the study and knowledge of each disguise the ninja must assume, see also Gisho- and Henso-jutsu

Henso-jutsu = the art of transformation, disguise and blending in impersonation arts, includes Mugei-mumei no-jutsu and Shichi-ho-de, part of Onshin-jutsu, see also Gisho-jutsu and Hengen kashi (no)-jutsu

Hidama = tactics by using smoke bombs and firework to irritate the pursuer

Hitsuke = a tactic by starting a fire on one side of the mountain but fleeing on the other side

Hoka no-jutsu = setting fires to spread confusion at the time a battle erupts, or as a distraction to enter an area or castle

Hoshi = meaning"arrowhead", the ideal battlefield formation for a stormy attack, a Ninja military strategy

Hotarubi no-jutsu = meaning"firefly technique", a ninja allowed himself to be captured while carrying a false'confidential'message to mislead the enemy, or the trick of making the enemy believe a lie, a Toiri tactic, part of In-jutsu

Iburi dashi = the method of smoking out the enemy from a place of protection forcing the adversary to choose between capture or suffocation, part of Dokuen-jutsu

In-jutsu = techniques of infiltrating unnoticed by using various methods of concealment of one's person, see also Innin

Inkan no-jutsu = gaining information from the locals in enemy territory in a disguise, see also Innin

Innin = the method of entering the enemies area by concealing one's form, i.e. stealth

Insho hitoku no ho(u) = delivering secret documents

In-yo-jutsu = tactics designed to'unbalance'an opponent, to sow doubt and distrust in his mind

Jissensekkogi-jutsu = techniques for scouting in actual battle, see also Sekko-jutsu

Joei no-jutsu = enlisting in the enemy army when hostilities are breaking out in there territory so new soldiers are needed, a Toiri tactic

Joei on-jutsu = moving without making a sound or shadows in order to slip into an enemy camp undetected, see Shinobi iri

Jomon-jutsu = the use of special words and phrases designed to affect an individual's emotional stability

Kage no-jutsu= infiltration tactic by using the cloak of darkness (early morning) as the times of operation

Kakuyoko = meaning"wing of a crane", the ideal formation for surrounding the enemy, a Ninja military strategy

Kamigakure no-jutsu = gaining entrance to an enemy lord's castle by befriending one of his associates or relatives

Kantyo no-jutsu = military espionage

Kashi kajo no ho = the assembly of a false family (temporary child/wife method) to give the impression that the secret agent (in this Joei no-jutsu Toiri tactic) was a solid community member with a family

Katagat(a)e no-jutsu = a series of tactics for taking over someone else`s fortress by causing confusion in this enemy camp so the waiting Ninja could slip inside and start havoc, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique

Katsurao no-jutsu = sending secret agents in for high official placement among the enemy, a Toiri no-jutsu espionage tactic                         

Katsura-otoko no-jutsu = planting an underground agent (called chitsumu-shi) as a supporter for the Ninja and allowing his house in enemy territory to be used as a base for operations, a Toiri tactic                                    

Keika no ho = in this tactic, Ninja, disguised as messengers, appeared at the enemy camp, claiming to have letters from superiors or allies which were actually ful of lies offcourse

Keiraku = planning an operation

Kiai-shin-jutsu = tactics and techniques that directly attack the intended victim psychologically by'shouting'into his mind

Koi = espionage

Koyaku = a flexible defense formation, especially against a Koyaku or a Hoshi attack, a Ninja military strategy

Kunoichi no-jutsu = training attractive women to be effective ninja espionage agents, a Toiri tactic

Kyo-jutsu (no) tenkan ho = deception strategy or the method of presenting falsehood as truth by the balancing use of In and Yo

Kyoman = observation and perception

Kyonin(no)-jutsu = the art of exploiting the fears, beliefs and superstitions of the enemy against him

Kyoyo = extortion, a common mission for a Shinobi

Machiga joho =counter-intelligence missions or providing misinformation to the enemy

Mekuramashi = a trick that dazzles people to distract their attention

Minka-do = this skill can determine how deeply asleep, or feigning sleep, or otherwise unconscious a person is

Minomushi no-jutsu = meaning"a worm in the body", recruiting enemy agents ( with high ranks ) into an espionage network and enticing them to betray their own lord to destroy the enemy from within, a Toiri tactic, part of In-jutsu

Monomi no-jutsu = seeking the weak spot of a castle or a weak place in the defense of an enemies camp for entering

Mugei-mumei(no)-jutsu = the art of being anonymous, an important factor in Ninja training

Mukai iri no-jutsu = sending secret agents to the enemy's new location to scout there and to be prepared for the enemy's arrival, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique

Nairan kado = counter-espionage

Nanakatade = the seven disguises, other name for Shichi-ho-de, see also Nanabake

Ninso = an advanced form of physiognomy, to read faces, assess character and size up an opponent

Noroshi-jutsu = the art of understanding visual signs, signalling methods, using flags and fire

Nyu(ku)daki no-jutsu = discovering a guard's shortcomings or weaknesses in order to break into an enemy camp

Nyukyo(no)-jutsu = the art of developing proper timing to infiltrate an enemy camp

Onibi no-jutsu = meaning"the art of demon's fire", using fireworks, smoke, flame throwers, other pyrotechnics and carved wooden demon masks, combined with psychological warfare to terrify the superstitious adversaries

Ruse = a lie or a trick, often used by the Ninja to fool their enemies

Ryakuhon(no)-jutsu = the art of penetrating enemy territory by collecting prior knowledge of the target before moving in and pretending to be a comrade, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique, part of Yo-jutsu

Ryohan(no)-jutsu = the art of kidnapping an important enemy official and holding him as a hostage to intimidate and threaten the enemy, until the demands of the Ninja are met, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique

Sa(c)chi-jutsu = military strategy of taking advantage of the natural features of the land

Saku = meaning"key-hole", the best defense formation against a Hoshi attack, a Ninja military strategy

Sansa no-jutsu = the art of infiltration, part of Yo-jutsu

Satobito no-jutsu = ordinary people from the enemy's area, who are allready dissatisfied or angry with their lord, are employed as Ninja agents or information gatherers, a Toiri tactic

Satsujin-jutsu = insight into the mind or nature of men, includes character analysis, science of physiognomy, reading facial features etc.  see also Zen-kiai-jutsu

Senjo-jutsu = the art of troop managing and deployment, (small unit) strategy and battle tactics of warrior deployment

Senpo = guerilla tactics

Shaki no-jutsu = flag discarding to win the battle

Shichi-ho-de = meaning"the seven ways of going", the most commonly disguises used by the ninja, they are Akindo, Hoka-shi, Komuso, Sarugaku-shi, Shukke, Tsunegata and Yama-bu-shi, part of Henso-jutsu and Onshin-jutsu, see also Nanakatade

Shikei no-jutsu = a Toiri no-jutsu method by careful preparation up to all details, for achieving your goal

Shirushitori no-jutsu = finding weaknesses in an enemies defenses

Sonin no-jutsu = when the enemy was aware of them, the Ninja would dispatch two forces, one to distract and one to enter

Soren = preparing and training of the troops ( movement, formation, setting up camps and so on )

Suigetsu no-jutsu = meaning"moon in the water", getting an enemy to fall for a trick or illusion, for example disguising as enemy troops and mingling with them or launching a diversionary assault, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique

Taisatsu = see Teisatsu-jutsu

Taniiri no-jutsu = a team of ninja pretend to betray their own lord and join the enemy's side, until they are given a signal to take action,  a Chikairi no-jutsu technique, see also Yamabiko no-jutsu

Tatamigaeshi no-jutsu = pulling up Tatami-mats from the floor with a hook to use them as a shield or as obstacles to delay pursuers

Teisatsu-jutsu = reconnaissance skills or scouting

Tensui no-jutsu = meaning"spitting at the heavens", persuade an enemy ninja to swap sides by offering him a better reward and becoming a Hankan, but let the enemy lord still trust him as one of his own agents, a Toiri tactic

Toiri = preparatory strategies for a war, the Toiri tactics were followed as a guideline for sending Ninja agents into a potential enemy's  region before a war broke out, see Toiri no-jutsu

Toiri no-jutsu = espionage in peacetime before a war broke out or during preparation for battle,there are11 different methods or tactics

Wana-jutsu = trap deployment in preparatory operations

Yamabiko no-jutsu = meaning"mountain echo", a ninja supposedly leaves his own camp after a quarrel and joins the enemy lord, serving  him until a signal is given for assassination or other action, a Toiri tactic, see also Taniiri no-jutsu, part of In-jutsu

Yamabiko-shicho no-jutsu = detecting a double-agent by providing him with false information and observing his reaction

Yatou = the act of sneaking into the enemy camp at night and stealing something

Yukai = kidnapping, a common mission for a Shinobi

Yoja no-jutsu /Youjang no-jutsu = penetrating an enemy's defenses by pretending to be a weak person such as a beggar or blindman to avoid attention of the guards and making the enemy believe that you are not a threat, a Chikairi no-jutsu technique, part of Yo-jutsu

Yoji(-gakure) no-jutsu = distracting a guard by throwing something over his head in order to sneak into enemy camp

Yo-jutsu = techniques of entering an enemy territory by using a wise stratagem or an assumed identity, see Yo(u)nin

Yomogami no-jutsu = the Ninja's way to remain anonymous by maintaining two different names and personalities

Zen-kiai-jutsu = the art of knowing your enemy for his motives, condition, etc., see also Satsujin-jutsu





Ai = harmony and unity with the universe

Akibana‑doku‑yaku = lethal poison made from dried and grounded petals and pistils of the autumn flower (Lycoris radiate), put into food

Boka‑take = a puffball fungus, when squeezed it emits a dust‑like spore, which has antibiotic properties, like penicillin, for open wounds

Bukkyo / Butsu‑do = the Japanese name for Buddhism, or the teachings of the Buddhist faith

Bu‑shin‑wa = Ninja guidelines

Butsudan = small family Buddhist house temple

Chi‑e = unlimited wisdom

Chikara = strength, power

Chi‑ki = earth energy, see also Go‑dai

Chi teki kyoko = intellectual development

Chin‑doku = a hallucinogenic drug made from feathers of the mountain bird Chintori, ingestion of this poison results in insanity or dead

Daikomyo = the cosmic light that leads you to enlightenment

Dainichi = your own enlightened spirit, which you seek during meditation

Densho = written documents or scrolls transmitting knowledge, customs, legends and traditions (=Den), see also Kuden

Do = ( Tao ) path or way, a complete philosophical system of martial practice directed towards self‑perfection or enlightenment

Doin‑jutsu = the art of healthy living, include diet, Shiatsu, pharmacy, therapy etc.

Doku = poison

Doku‑gumo = spider poison

Doku‑hebi = snake poison

Doku kiku = a lethal heart poison made from dried and grounded pistils of the chrysanthemum flower

Doku‑take = a poisonous type of mushroom that grows wild in Japan

Doku‑yaku = background knowledge about the individual poisons and medicines

Dokyo = the Japanese name for Taoism

Dosanka = the green rust (patine) from copper, scraped and ground into a fine powder and introduced to the blood or airways as poison

Ekkyo = predictions and divination methods based on the I‑Ching ( the Book of Changes ), see also Omyodo

Fudo‑jutsu = the art of immobility, meditative techniques to suppress or lowering all the body´s bio‑functions, a deep meditative trance

Fudo kanashibari (no‑jutsu) = a method that paralyses a victim with a spell, a ritual of immobilization and charming

Fudo‑shin = meaning'immovable spirit', courage and strength of spirit

Fugu no‑doku = fatal paralytic poison (tetradotoxine) extracted from ovaries, bladder and liver of the blowfish, used on blades or in food

Fushi no‑reiyaku = the elixer of immortality

Gan‑yaku = medicines that are good for fighting cancers and to live long

Ge‑doku‑yaku = poisons, antidotes and antivenin

Gen (‑jutsu) = ( the art of ) imposing illusions or illusionary techniques

Genkaku‑kinoko = a poisonous wild mushroom, ingestion causes hallucinations and can result in death

Gen‑ki = vitality, strength

Gezai = a laxative

Giri = duty or obligation

Go‑dai = the five transsubstantiaties or manifestations of the five primary natural elements ( Chi, Sui, Ka, Fu and Ku ), see also Go‑gyo

Go‑gyo(setsu) = (theory of) the five primary elemental transformations ( Do, Sui, Ka, Kin and Moku ), see also Go‑dai

Gojo = the five feelings or weaknesses ( Kisha, Dosha, Aisha, Rakusha and Kyosha ), see also Gojo goyoku

Gojo g(o)yoku = principles of five feelings and five desires of the human being, the five element theory, see also Gojo and Goyoku

Gokui = the secrets of an art or the hidden techniques, the secret principles or the mysteries, also the most essential part of anything

Gokuraku = paradise or heaven

Gorin kuji myo himitsu shaku = the secret knowledge of inner strenght

Goryo shinko = the Shinto practice of building shrines to pacify vengeful spirits

Goyoku = the five needs or desires ( Jisonshin, Kufuku, Sei, Tanoshima and Donyoku ), see also Gojo goyoku

Gyokuro = a poison made of brewed green tea mixed with Miso‑shiru (soybean paste), fresh tea or water, relatively weak poison

Habu = viper venom used as a poison on Ninja weapons

Hachimon tonko ju‑jutsu = eight methods of incantation

Han myo = a poison extracted from the toxic tiger beetle, it causes convulsions, stomach cramping and ultimately death

Hara = one's center of gravity, a point two inches below the navel, the Ki center, also called Tanden

Haragei = meaning'belly art', a kind of sixth sense, a way of being grounded within oneself and attuned to inner energy

Hibumi = secret scrolls

Hiden = secret, usually oral, teachings, see also O‑kuden

Hiki no‑doku = a poison made from the fluid extracted from the projection over the eyes of toads, it causes temporary paralysis

Hon‑shin = the right mind, to make correct choices, in both combat and life, see also Mu‑shin and Zan‑shin

Hyorogan = meaning"soldiers food drug", very nutritious

Ibuki = meaning'breath control', method of breathing in which air is noisily forced out

I = mind, heart, will, intention

Ijozai = pills made from dried pepermint leaves, arrowroot starch and salted plum, to temporarily alleviates thirst, see also Kitogan

I‑mitsu = the secret of focused intention ( Nenri‑ki ), the mystery of the mind, part of Kuji goshin ho, see also Mandara

In = ( Yin ) negative side, darkness, female, emptiness, see also In‑yo‑do and Yo

Ino‑chi = life

In‑yo = ( Yin‑Yang ) the dynamic interplay of complimentary opposites, two aspects of a single unified concept

In‑yo‑do = Taoistic principles, integrated in the Ninpo‑mikkyo philosophy

Iwami ginzan = mercury, from the silver mines in Iwami, it may be ingested or injected directly to the bloodstream to be effectively lethal

Ji = temple

Jigoku = hell

Jiin = a Buddhist temple

Jinga / Jingu / Jinja = Shinto shrine

Jin‑ki = human energy or personal Sei‑ki

Jiri‑ki = one's own strength

Jose‑ki = see Kamiza

Juji (no) ho = method of ten syllables, practice Kuji goshin ho and then draw a wish in one word

Ju‑jutsu = ten syllable power method

Jumon = ( Mantra ) chanting and incantations, power phrases or empowered words, the secret of speech, part of San‑mitsu, see Ku‑mitsu

Kakuseizai = a plant‑based stimulant drug, usually taken in herb or powder form mixed with food or drink

Kamae = physical representation of an inner feeling

Kami (=gami) = the sacred (or evil) spirits of the Shinto religion that exist in everything

Kamidana = meaning"god‑shelf", a Shinto shrine found in a private home or Dojo

Kamiwaza = miracles

Kamiza = meaning"spiritual seat", a sacred shelf or platform with miniature shrine structures in the center of a dojo, also called Jose‑ki

Kan aku na‑ninjutsu = occult practices, include Kuji‑kiri, black magic etc. , see also Kuroma‑jutsu, Sakki‑jutsu and Yo‑jutsu

Kanjin kanama = meaning"the mind and eyes of god", it is the living secret of Nin‑jutsu

Kanpo‑ / Konpo‑yaku= medicinal herbs put into food or made as Mizugusuri, to aid in healing and recovery, not effective against poisons

Kansen = the dark, evil spirits that exist in the shadowlands, they are the spirits that power Maho

Kantoku = visionary state through the practice of ascetic mystical disciplines, incl. fasting, isolation, meditation, Jumon and Ketsu‑in

Kappo / Katsu ho = see Kuatsu

Kayusako = a powder from ground, dried nettle‑thorns, it causes severe itching on the skin, blown through blowpipes or stored in grenades

Kenko‑jutsu = knowledge of health and healing (?)

Keppan = blood oath

Ketsu‑in = ( Mudra ) handpostures or finger weaving, mystic positions to channel energy, part of San‑mitsu, see Kuji‑in and Shin‑mitsu

Ketsushi = sleep‑inducing drug made of blood of newt, mole,snake and wolfsbane or hemp leaves, soaked into ricepaper, dried and burned

Ki = ( Chi ) meaning'spirit', vital internal energy, spirit, mind, heart, soul, the inner power, also called Sei‑ki

Kiai = meaning'spirit harmony', the kiai shout is used to increase power, clear the mind and be as one, see also Kiai‑jutsu

Kiai‑jutsu = using a shout to disrupt or even kill your opponent ( with your channeled Ki ), the power of the void, see also Ki‑jutsu

Kiatsu = Ki manipulating massage for healing and health, see also Kuatsu, Seiho and Shiatsu

Ki ga nukeru = loss of Ki, which is loss of concentration

Ki‑jutsu = the art of using your Ki or energy field in fighting situations or mind conditioning, see also Kiai‑jutsu

Kiko = focusing your Ki ( Chi Kung in chinese )

Kime = restraint, focus‑ mental, spiritual or physical, coordinated energy forces of the body, mind and spirit

Kime‑jutsu = the spirit eye skill, focusing your inner intent into your eyes to control on opponent

Kinpoge = lethal poison made from the buttercup flower, the petrals are dried and ground into a powder and then put into food or drink

Kiotsu = an awareness of all previous events

Kitogan = pills made of ground rice and herbs wich provided field rations and repressed the thirst feeling for up to 5 days, see also Ijozai

Kitsuke‑gusuri = a kind of smelling salt

Ki wo dasu = allowing the Ki to flow

Ki wo neru = training the Ki by concentrating on it fully, visualizing it as being located at the center of the body, the Hara

Ki wo totonoeru = preparation of the Ki by maintaining calmness, breathing correctly and focusing the mind

Ki zugusuri = a medicine for wounds

Kobudera = ceremony and religious practise of the Shinobi, usage of magical and elemental techniques

Kokkai = diet

Kokoro = heart or mental attitude

Kokyu = level of ability in use of Ki, and breathing control

Kokyu ho = breathing method for development, strengthening and purification of Ki

Kokyu waza = breathing skills

Konasumi = powdered charcoal, swallowed to counter the effects of ingested poison or drugs

Kongokai = spiritual or cosmic realm of reality, a Mikkyo representation of the boundless possibilities of the whole mind of the cosmos

Kotodama = the ancient Shinto science of sacred sound and speech

Kotsu = the essence of Ninjutsu training

Koyashi akuchi = a mixture of horsedung and blood used on blades and gunshot, it causes severe infection, tetanus and death, if not treated

Koyashi tama = a sleep‑inducing powder from dried, ground rats, Paulownia leaves, yellow centipede, cotton seeds and yellow cattle dung

Ku = emptiness, void, a Ninpo‑mikkyo element, see also Go‑dai

Kuatsu = reanimation and resuscitation techniques with the Kiai and traditional first aid, see also Kiai, Kiai‑jutsu and Kiatsu

Kuden = oral teachings and traditions (=Den), see also Densho

Kufu = concentrated reflection

Kugutsu = meaning"puppet", a form of Kami possession, for divination, summoning of elemental forces and gaining spiritual knowledge

Kuji = the number nine, the most important number in Shugen‑do

Kuji ashi = 81 figures

Kuji goshin ho = energy channeling 9 syllables self‑protection method, consisting of: 9 I‑mitsu, 9 Ku‑mitsu and 9 Shin‑mitsu

Kuji no ho = nine syllables spiritual protection method

Kuji (no)‑in = nine syllable seals, control of the energies in the body by finger weaving , also called Ketsu‑in

Kuji (no)‑kiri = nine syllable slashes or keys, a rite of spiritual protection by marking out the cut of the 9 letters in a frame of 9 lines

Ku‑mitsu = the secret of the spoken vow ( Jumon ), the mystery of one's speech, part of Kuji goshin ho

Kuroma‑jutsu = black magic

Kyomon = religious education

Magokoro = pure heart

Maho = blood magick or evil spirit rites, it draws upon the dark powers of Jigoku, see Kansen

Makoto = a balanced state of mind allowing us to remain calm even in the most trying of circumstances

Mamori = a talisman

Mamorigami = a strip of paper with scriptures, to ward off spirits, made by Buddhist clerics

Mandara = ( Mandala ) sacred image, see also I‑mitsu and Nenriki

Maryoku = dark forces

Masuizai = a narcotic powder used as Ninja poison made from a weed

Meido = the dark underworld for spirits who can not (yet) reïncarnate

Me(i)so = meditation, also called Mu‑do, see also Mokuso and Sei‑shin kunren

Menriki = awareness

Michi = the path of warrior cultivation

Mikkyo = esoteric Buddhism and secret doctrines, originated in Tibet and India, see also Ninpo‑mikkyo

Miraitsu = the ability to predict the future

Misogi = purification, a common Shinto practice

Mitsu kudaki = voice projection skill

Mizugusuri = a medicinal tea or liquid medicine

Mizu no kokoro = meaning'mind like water', principle of Buddhist meditation which calms the mind

Mokuso = meaning'quiet thought', silent meditation, see also Meso and Sei‑shin kunren

Mu = meaning'nothing', emptying the mind in order to concentrate and respond naturally, see also Mu‑shin

Mu‑do = see Meso

Muga = meaning"self‑effacement or self‑lessness", a mental state in which the mind does not interfere with the actions of a trained body

Mukade no‑doku = the venom of the Mikade (a giant centipede), it causes severe weakness and eventually death, is usually injected

Musha‑shugyo(‑sha) = a warrior's quest or martial pilgrimage by travelling from Ryu to Ryu to learn new techniques and skills

Mu‑shin = meaning'no‑mind', conscious without thought to overcome the fear of death, see also Mu and Muso

Mushisasari gusuri = drug for insect bite

Muso = without thought, see also Mu and Mu‑shin

Myo(‑o) = Buddhist guardian warrior male spirit found in every Tera to drive away demons and to serve various Hotoke and Bosatsu

Nagare = oneness with the harmonious and everchanging flow of the universe

Naikan = inner contemplation, meditation

Nanko‑yaku = medicinal salve or ointment, made from healing herbs, effective against burns, cuts, scrapes and other external injuries

Nenri‑ki = ( Mandala ) symbolizes the inner power in the human, visualisations, part of San‑mitsu, see also I‑mitsu and Mandara

Nin‑jutsu daihi seishin‑toitso shuyoikken = sacred methods of ninjutsu to gain an overpowering will

Ninpo ik‑kan = meaning'the law of the Ninja is our primary inspiration'

Ninpo‑mikkyo = secret esoteric knowledge of the Ninja, see also Kyomon, Sei‑shin kunren and Shinpo also called Shinobi‑mikkyo

Ninpo‑(nin‑jutsu) = the higher form of Nin‑jutsu, the Ninja's utilization of the universal laws or the method of prevailing

Ninshiki waza = sensory development training

Nin‑yaku‑jutsu = knowledge of special medicines, poisons and drugs, devided into Doku‑yaku, Gan‑yaku, Ge‑doku‑yaku and So‑yaku

Nogare = a series of breathing exercises to bring calmness in the face of an attack

Nuri no‑doku = a usually injected poison derived from the sap or bark of the lac tree, can be lethal

Nu‑shi = meaning"masters", the guardian spirits of the Japanese wilderness

O‑kuden = secret oral, hidden teachings, see also Hiden (and Kuden)

Okyu shochi = first aid training

O‑mamori = a blessed amulet made by a Shinto priest

Oni = devil, demon or evil spirit of the wilderness, especially mountains, they are also shape‑shifters, from the Buddhist religion

Oni gami = holy spirit

Oni ki = a dark practice, including demon possession

Onmyo‑do / Onmyo‑jutsu = the occult teachings of the Taoïstic In and Yo based on Gogyo setsu, includes Rekigaku , Ekkyo‑divinations

Rei‑jutsu = spiritual techniques by truth consciousness

Reishi sen = the soul's lifeline with the body

Reiyaku = elixers

Rekigaku = the study and interpretation of astrological influences on every human activity, see also Sensei‑jutsu

Ryo ho = healing method, medical treatment

Ryo‑ku = energy of the body

Saimin‑jutsu = the art of Ninja hypnotism or trance, see also Gen‑jutsu

Sakki = a kind of sixt sence or ability to detect harmful intentions ( the force of the killer )

Sakki‑jutsu = techniques with deadly (mind‑) energies

Sammaji = the lifting up of the spirit above matter to be able to become one with the universe

Sankaku‑jutsu = training in your mind, when you are unable to train physically

San‑mitsu = the three great secrets or mysteries of Mikkyo, Jumon, Nenriki and Ketsu‑in, to awaken direct enlightenment

Satori = a Zen term for the experience of enlightenment or awakening

Seichi = sacred ground, also a pilgrimage site

Seigatsu = life, existence

Seiho = a massage of the vital points to stimulate the flow of energy through the body, healing part of Atemi‑jutsu, see also Kiatsu, Shiatsu

Sei‑ki = vital life‑force, see also Ki

Sei‑shin = the right conciousness or correct heart, the harmony Shinobi strive to keep their hearts in

Seishin‑doku = an insanity‑inducing poison made from the seeds of a particular plant, which were ground and put into the victim's food

Sei‑shin kunren = spirit training, see also Meso and Mokuse

Sei‑shin shugi = meaning"mind of matter"

Sei‑shin teki kyoyo = spiritual refinement skills and development, consisting of mental concentration, awareness and energy channeling

Sei‑shin toitsu = mind control or spiritual concentration

Sen‑jutsu = techniques for attaining supernatural powers

Sensei‑jutsu = astrology, see also Rekigaku

Shiatsu = acupressure massage with the fingers for healing and flexibility, see also Kiatsu and Seiho

Shi‑do = the way of the whole man or monk

Shimin‑jutsu = mind manipulation

Shimme‑jutsu = the art of seeing with the eyes of God, the ultimate goal of Ninja‑training

Shin = heart, mind, spirit (intention)

Shingen‑jutsu = mental powers

Shingetsu = an awareness of all events happening at the present time

Shingon = a Tantric Buddhist sect that emphasizes reciting mantras, the practice of rituals and meditation with mandala's

Shin‑jutsu = the skills of the heart or mind and spiritual techniques

Shinkai = the realm of divine consciousness

Shin‑mitsu = the secret of embodied action ( Ketsu‑in ), the mystery of our bodies'actions, part of Kuji goshin ho

Shinobi‑mikkyo = spiritual knowledge of the Ninja, other name for Ninpo‑mikkyo

Shinpi / Shinpo = several forms or concepts of mysticism

Shinshin ichijo = oneness of body and mind

Shinshin shingan = the mind and eyes of God

Shinto hiho = secret teachings of Shinto ( which means'divine spirit way'or the way of the Gods ), the animistic religion of Japan

Shinri gakku / Shiryugaku = the study of religion and the spirit

Shizen = nature

Shugen‑do = the path to enlightenment through cultivation of mastery of the forces of nature, practiced by Shugen‑sha or Yama‑bushi

Shu‑in = handpostures, see Ketsu‑in

Shukyo = religion

Shumon = meaning"spiritual gate", religious and spiritual training and teachings

Shunkan‑saimin‑jutsu = methods of instantaneous hypnoticing the enemy, see also Saimin‑jutsu

Soin = Buddhist monasteries

So‑yaku = medicines for healing wounds

Sui katsugan = meaning"water reviving drug"

Suiminko = a plant‑based sleep‑inducing drug, dried and stored in powder form, it can be mixed with wax or incense and burned

Suimin‑yaku = a generic term for sleep‑inducing drugs

Sui so‑do = the way of secret magick ?

Taima‑yaku = a sleep‑inducing liquid made from a mixture of dried hemp leaves and tea, the effects are similar to heavy drinking

Taisoku = abdomen breathing

Taizokai = material realm of reality, a Ninpo‑mikkyo element representing the physical whole of creation

Takeippon = pain resistant training

Tanden = see Hara

Tashintsu = the ability to read other peoples minds

Tatarigami = ritual trance

Tatsujin = a completed natural human being

Ten‑Chi‑Jin = heaven‑earth‑men, three‑level energy manifestation, meaning that the Ninja is one with everything around him

Tendai = a Mikkyo Buddhist sect, with Shinto influences, by which enlightenment is found in moralistic ways and rigorous meditation

Tengu = mythical creatures of the forest helping the Ninja, they are master shape‑shifters, divided into crow goblins and mountain goblins

Ten‑ki = heavenly energy

Ten‑shin sho(den) = divine inspiration

Tera = a Buddhist temple

To(h)‑in = an exercise developed from the Kuji goshin ho to increase power, it is practiced with a sword or the left hand

Torikabuto = wolfsbane (Aconitum napellus), a very poisinous wild plant, often lethal when consumed

Torimaki = secret Ninja documents, see also Densho

Tsune no mizu = very nutricious Ninja food, made of preserved plums

Umi‑hebi(no)‑doku eki = a deadly nerve poison from a seasnake, injected

Ura = hidden, inside, the ideas or methods that are not obvious

Wa = inner harmony, peace, your spirit, presence or intention, also reading the subtle signs in body language and posture

Wara‑kinoko = a hallucinogenic wild mushroom, ingestion or inhaling causes a sense of euphoria and much uncontrolled laughter

Yagen = collective term for poisons, antidote, mysterious compounds, potions and dusts used by the Ninja

Yagen (po) / Yogen (jutsu) = medical selfhelptraining and pharmacy, the study of powders and drugs, see also Kuatsu and Nin‑yaku‑jutsu

Yaku = a medicine made of insects

Yi = the Japanese name for the I‑Ching or the book of changes, used by the Ninja to predict the future

Yo = ( Yang ) positive side, light, male, hardness, see also In and In‑yo‑do

Yogen = chemistry, this skill enables a Ninja to create gunpowder, medicines, antivenin and poisons, see Yagen

Yo‑jutsu = supernatural tricks, paranormal or occult techniques, see also Kan aku na‑nin‑jutsu

Yomi(‑tsu‑kumi) = meaning"land of darkness", the Shinto underworld which is ruled by Susano‑O

Yo‑shin = raising spirit, raising heart

Yugai‑kinoko = a poisonous type of mushroom that grows wild in Japan

Yugen‑shin‑jutsu = meaning"mysterious mind", varios methods of hypnotism and suggestion to influence and control the minds of others

Zagarashi‑yaku = a ingested nerve poison made from the unripened green plum or peach which underwent a special process, usually lethal

Zan‑shin = meaning'remaining spirit', a state of mind, totally calm and fully aware and alert, see also Hon‑shin and Mu‑shin

Zen = Buddhist sect which claims that one can reach Satori through meditation, often associated with martial arts practice

Zomitsu = Japanese pre‑Buddhist esoteric teachings